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4) India has been identified as the country with the most expected damage from rising levels of carbon dioxide.  However, India has a large number of successful examples of transformative innovation around energy production and access, land, livelihoods and climate resilience. Discuss such examples.(250 words)

Topic –  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4) India has been identified as the country with the most expected damage from rising levels of carbon dioxide.  However, India has a large number of successful examples of transformative innovation around energy production and access, land, livelihoods and climate resilience. Discuss such examples.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

India is in an uneasy position where its economic growth and vast poverty favour a large scale exploitation of environment and natural resources while at the same time a huge number of vulnerable people in terms of environmental degradation and climate change favours green and on a short term expensive development. The article discusses the efforts made by India in balancing both these demands.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about some examples from India, of transformative innovation around energy production and access, land, livelihoods and climate resilience.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  about the impending threats of global warming and climate change and mention India’s unique position in the world in terms of development needs, stable and fairly growing economy, status of environmental degradation and the proportion of vulnerable people.

Body-

Discuss some examples of transformative innovation around energy production and access, land, livelihoods and climate resilience, seen in India in recent years. E.g The Bureau of Energy Efficiency has showed how government ‘nudges’ are made effective through appliance labelling and large-scale procurement of efficient devices; In the building and cement industry, innovation around housing and new materials, including natural fibre composites, could make far-reaching changes in infrastructure through low-carbon modular technologies; India expects to reach its ambitious solar target of 100 GW capacity by 2022 ; Zero Budget Natural Farming; Sustainable approaches to land are evident in cases such as forest conservation in Mendha-Lekha village in Maharashtra and community delivery of public services in Nagaland etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue. Bring out to intensify such efforts on a large scale, community participation, budgetary and international support etc.