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3) India is known across world for its diversity. Discuss the reasons why India happens to be so diverse and whether India’s diversity is serving India well?(250 words)

Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Salient features of Indian society and diversity”

3) India is known across world for its diversity. Discuss the reasons why India happens to be so diverse and whether India’s diversity is serving India well?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the nature of diversity found in India. Thereafter, we are expected to explain the reasons why India is such a diverse country. Next, we need to debate whether this diversity of India is creating challenges to the growth of our country, or whether it is a source of strength for us. Finally we need to provide a fair and balanced conclusion.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Briefly comment on the nature and extent of diversity found in India in terms of religion, language, ethnicity, geography etc.

Body

  • Discuss the reasons why India is so diverse
    • Historical reasons such as the presence of multiple small kingdoms, invasions by foreigners etc
    • Geographical reasons which allowed for the development of distinct culture etc
  • Discuss the disadvantages that India has had to face due to its diversity
    • Problem of governance
    • Social tensions and conflicts
    • Secessionist tendencies etc
  • Discuss the advantages that India has due to its diversity
    • A modern, secular, democratic state despite its diversity is a source of India’s soft power and reflection of its rich heritage and culture
    • Diversity of culture translates into diversity of ideas and innovations
    • Rich heritage and culture as a result of diversity etc

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view on the debate and include a quote on india’s diversity by Nehru, Guha etc

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