Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes
5) Briefly explain the objective and salient features of National Nutrition Mission? Examine how the achievement of outcomes under the mission can be enhanced?(250 words)
Why this question
The article highlights the objective and salient features of NNM or POSHAN Abhiyan and discusses how the achievement of outcomes under the mission can be enhanced. India, according to several reports, faces the severe brunt of hunger and malnutrition which needs to be addressed. hence, understanding the objective, strategy etc of NNM would serve us well in paper 2.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out the objective and salient features of the mission which would include – implementation strategy, timelines etc . Thereafter, the question expects us to answer how the implementation of the scheme can be dovetailed with other schemes, department or sector to achieve better outcomes under the scheme.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the hunger and nutrition challenge of India by quoting India’s position on world hunger index, reports etc to establish the context in which NNM was introduced.
- Explain the objective of the mission – The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies. It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals.
- Discuss the salient features such as Triple A approach, use of ICT, mission will form an apex body that would fix targets and monitor, supervise and guide nutrition-related interventions across the ministries etc
- Discuss how the outcomes under the mission can be enhanced – The Poshan Abhiyan presents an opportunity for inter-sectoral collaboration that can amplify collective actions to improve nutrition indicators and achieve the goal of “zero hunger” in the country. For this shifting the focus of agriculture sector from growing staples to fortified foods, milk, horticulture etc; Further, with the Poshan Abhiyan advocating the “Triple A” approach, that is building the capacity of ASHA, Anganwadi Worker (AWW) and Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) workers, there is an opportunity to leverage the agriculture extension services in the country etc
Conclusion – Highlight how important the misison is for India and discuss the way forward.