Topic– Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
2) India needs to look beyond the Supreme Court’s recommended police reforms and undertake an early review of the entire criminal justice system. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
Police reforms are critical for any country aspiring to be the world power and for India the assertion is doubly true, given the outdated and anachronistic way of working of the Indian police and criminal law. In this context it is important to examine the need to review the criminal justice system in India.
Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and bring out as to why review of India’s criminal justice system is essential.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the Prakash Singh guidelines from SC.
Bring out the need to review India’s criminal justice system. E.g In our legal system, more or less every action of the police has to come under judicial scrutiny. This is also a basic requirement specified in all the state police rules. Since the police is a vital part of our criminal justice system, it is necessary to institute a wider spectrum of reforms rather than focusing simply on police reforms. In fact, the National Police Commission, in one of its reports, had made a specific suggestion for the constitution of a criminal justice review commission; the thrust of the existing directives of the Supreme Court is limited to postings, transfers, personnel, policies, the creation of security commissions at the state and the national levels, the separation of investigation from law and order, and, the constitution of a police complaints authority at various levels. A closer look at all these recommendations reveals that none of them would be able to address the expectations of the general public for a speedy and inexpensive justice delivery system. As such, these reforms can be taken to be only the first step towards the larger goal of reforming the entire criminal justice system; There are several other police procedures of investigation including recording of statements, confessions, etc which have now become outdated, considering that they were codified in 1898. The Code of Criminal Procedure was indeed amended in 1973, but the police procedures did not undergo much change etc.
Take the help of the article attached to the question to frame your answer.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.