Topic-Indian Agriculture : Issues
3) Indian growth story has a capricious content of monsoon rains. Examine while also discussing how to tackle this uncertainty.(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the reasons why India’s dependence on monsoons is bound to create obstacles for India’s growth story going forward, and discusses the steps that can be taken in this regard. In light of the recent IPCC report which highlight the need for immediate actions to prepare ourselves for facing the climate uncertainty, this issue gains significance.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out the reasons why the capricious nature of monsoons in India is problematic for India and also discuss the impact of being overly dependent on monsoons for irrigation. Thereafter, we need to highlight the steps taken, and the steps required to address this situation.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Briefly highlight data establishing the dependence of agriculture on monsoon.
- Discuss the reasons why such huge dependence on monsoons is problematic – good monsoon is critical for helping farmers achieve the dream of doubling their incomes, report by IPCC and the scenario that it paints etc
- Discuss the impact of poor monsoon rains – food inflation, food security etc
- Discuss some of the steps that have been taken to mitigate the risks – announcement of fiscal packages etc. Examine the necessity of climate sensitive budgeting
Conclusion – give your view on the urgency of the issue and discuss way forward.