Topic – Social sector issues related to education
4) Despite the affinity for education in Indian society, the lack of world class universities in India is surprising. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the lack of good quality higher educational institution in India and ways in which the same can be achieved. A lot many developments have taken place in the past year with focus on autonomy of institutions, changes in regulatory structure etc, which needs to be examined.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to discuss the status of higher educational institution particularly with respect to their ranking at global level, examine causes behind their poor performance in these rankings, discuss the impact and finally, give suggestions on how to improve the situation.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Discuss the recent Times Higher Education World University Rankings and India’s performance in it.
- Discuss reasons behind the poor performance of Indian universities in ranking – international faculty and students that do not really work for an Indian institution, poor number of publications etc. Also discuss the point made in the article that in countries such as India the focus has only been on creating good public institutions, without creating an enabling environment for private education, which is now changing.
- Discuss the impact of poor quality of such institutions
- Discuss the steps taken by government for addressing this situation – Changes proposed in higher education regulatory architecture , greater autonomy etc
Conclusion – Summarize your arguments and explain why Indian universities are not performing well and discuss the way forward.