Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
4) Discuss the problems faced by the scheme for promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for in-situ Management of Crop Residue. (250 words)
Why this question
Burning of crop residues in the northern parts of India is one the main causes of several air pollution in cities like Delhi. In situ management of crop residue and promotion of agricultural mechanization has not yielded the desired results. It is important to discuss the failure of the scheme and the reasons behind it.
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the scheme for Agricultural Mechanization for in-situ management of crop residue and bring out the reasons as to why the scheme has been unable to yield the desired outcomes and results.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the problem of burning agricultural residue in India.
Write a few introductory lines about the scheme in question and bring out the reasons as to why it has failed to achieve the desired outcomes. E.g the effectiveness of the machines made available to farmers, like chopper, happy seeders, super straw management system (Super-SMS) and rotavator, is questionable; happy seeder has the potential of causing a rat and termite attack when wheat seeds are sown; Even If a farmer buys all the machines at subsidised rates, he will have to spend hefty amounts; The machines require higher basic horsepower (BHP) tractors, which cost much higher than all these machines and also the operating costs are higher; the cost of various machines has jumped significantly in the past couple of years etc.
conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.