Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Land use pattern in India”
6) Explain land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61? Also examine why majority of landholdings in India are small?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to highlight the current land use pattern in India. Next we need to highlight the policy as per national forest policy and why land under forest could not be enhanced. Thereafter, we need to explain the reasons why india has majority of small landholding.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Discuss data related to land use pattern in India.
- Discuss the policy with respect to land under forests and the reason why land under forest in India has not increased – increasing demands for non-forest uses like agriculture, industries etc. Despite government efforts like taking up large scale afforestation programmes, deforestation for development projects like mining, hydropower etc. has not attributed to any large scale increase in forest cover. There are also issues like lacunae in implementation of Forest laws, exclusion of tribals and village communities in conservation efforts have not helped.
- Highlight the pattern of landholdings and bring out the reasons why consolidation of land holding has not happened – poorly implemented land reforms, overwhelming dependence on agriculture etc
Conclusion – Comment on the land use pattern in India and highlight how the current land use pattern can be made more efficient.