Topic: Part of static series under the heading – “Agriculture”
3) Examine the problems related to productivity in Indian agriculture and what needs to be done to solve the problem? (250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out the status of productivity in Indian agriculture, analyze the reasons why we fall behind others when it comes to productivity and give suggestions as to how productivity in Indian agriculture can be improved.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what do you understand by productivity and why it’s important for agriculture in India in light of the requirements of food security.
- Explain the status quo of agricultural productivity in India.
- Discuss the reasons why productivity in Indian agriculture lags behind – small farm holdings, poor irrigation, lack of forward and backward linkages, ill designed subsidy regime etc
- Discuss what steps are being taken to improve productivity such as Soil Health Card etc. Discuss what more needs to be done to boost productivity in agriculture
Conclusion – Give your view on how urgent it is for India to improve agricultural productivity. Also bring out that improving productivity through input intensive methods is not good as it ultimately degrades the quality of soil.