Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 OCTOBER 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 OCTOBER 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic– Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1) Diaspora of a place plays an important role when any disaster hits such a place. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The recent floods in Kerala have demonstrated well the role that the diaspora of a place can play in the event of any disaster. It is essential to understand their role and scope under such situations.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and form an opinion as to how the diaspora plays an important role in case of disasters.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about India’s disaster risks and also one of the highest number of diaspora in the world.

Body-

Discuss the role that the diaspora of a place can play in case of disasters. E.g the diaspora are instrumental in rebuilding the destination economies after natural calamities and economic crises;  a conduit for doctors, nurses, engineers, educators, advisers and reconstruction planners can directly help in the situation; contribution of the diaspora towards relief and reconstruction funds; galvanizing relief and support from foreign states and MNCs; sharing human and financial resources, lobbying governments, international organisations and corporations for disaster relief and redevelopment funding, and in facilitating eased travel restrictions; By sharing and re-sharing vital information on affected regions and people, supplies, and precautionary measures (on social media platforms), they are instrumental in expanding the flow of information that would later be used by politicians, private and military rescue operations, and relief workers etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Wildlife and conservation sites”

2) What are the conservation challenges faced by wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in India? Suggest solutions to address these challenges.(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss in detail the challenges faced by the conservation sites in the country and the ways in which such challenges could be addressed.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that The Union Government has established a country-wide protected area network for protection of these species and their habitats of threatened flora and fauna under Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
The network includes 730 Protected Areas including 103 National Parks, 535 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 26 Community Reserves and 66 Conservation Reserves in different bio-geographic regions.

Body

  • Discuss the issues such as
    • Road/Railway lines inside protected areas
    • Uncontrolled passage of heavy vehicles during night-time.
    • Man-animal conflicts
    • Threat from invasive species
    • Habitat loss
    • Poor infrastructure etc
  • Discuss the potential solutions to aforementioned issues such as – involving local communities in decision making, building infrastructure, anti poaching camps etc

Conclusion – Discuss the importance of preserving national parks and sanctuaries and the way forward for the same.


General Studies – 2


Topic – Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

3) The situation can be much more complex when friends expect you to choose between them. Comment in the context of the Indian foreign policy towards other countries.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question

India has recently entered into several agreements with Russia which has irked USA to some extent, with which it has an agreement last year. In this context it is essential to analyze the complexity of India’s foreign policy.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our opinion on how it is a difficult situation for India when it has to choose between friends. We have to identify the major players in the question- US, Russia, Iran and express our knowledge and understanding about India’s recent relationship with them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the complications of a foreign policy and India’s desire for a multi-polar and more peaceful world.

Body-

Discuss the impact of the deal on India-US as well as India-Russia relationship. E.gattempt to diversify ties and increase bilateral trade with Russia, currently below $10 billion;  The signing of the S-400 air defence system deal, for instance, is of far greater consequence than its size. It denotes India’s desire to deepen defence cooperation with Russia; also that it is prepared to do this despite U.S. warnings that the deal could attract sanctions. That this deal comes just a month after India signed the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) for better interoperability with the U.S. military is a sign that India will not be forced or even persuaded into putting all its eggs in one strategic basket; New Delhi’s assertion of “strategic autonomy” and desire for multipolarity will be seriously tested in the coming months;  More defence deals with Russia will make it increasingly difficult for the U.S. to give India a waiver from sanctions under CAATSA; Both on CAATSA and on the U.S.’s proposed sanctions on Iran that go into force on November 4, India will need to make some tough decisions etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic–  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4) The WHO’s objective “is the attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health”. The WHO fulfills this objective through its functions as defined in its Constitution. Discuss. (250 words)

wikipedia

Why this question

WHO is an important international organization working towards better health of the global population. It is therefore important to discuss in detail about the objectives of WHO and how it fulfils those objectives.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the objectives of WHO and the functions assumed by the organization as per the terms of its constitution.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  WHO. e.g

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group.

Body

  1. Discuss the objective of WHO. e.g attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health.
  2. Discuss the constitution of the WHO and how it assigns functions to the organization. E.g  (a) To act as the directing and coordinating authority on international health work; (b) To establish and maintain effective collaboration with the United Nations, specialized agencies, governmental health administrations, professional groups and such other organizations as may be deemed appropriate; (c) To assist Governments, upon request, in strengthening health services; (d) To furnish appropriate technical assistance and, in emergencies, necessary aid upon the request or acceptance of Governments; (e) To provide or assist in providing, upon the request of the United Nations, health services and facilities to special groups, such as the peoples of trust territories etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) The government of India recently launched a Sovereign Gold Scheme to provide an alternate option when it comes to owning gold. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference

Pib

Why this question

Sovereign Gold bond scheme is an important scheme of the government of India, given that India is one of the biggest importers of the Gold. In this context it is important to discuss the scheme in detail.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme and its salient provisions.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme. E.g The scheme aims to reduce the demand for physical gold, thereby keeping a tab on gold imports and utilising resources effectively. With the RBI issuing these gold bonds, it brings in transparency and trust, providing an avenue wherein people can own gold without having to worry about its storage or safety.

Body-

Discuss about the scheme further in detail. E.g

  1. How the scheme operates- Under the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme, the Reserve Bank of India will issue the bonds on behalf of the Government of India. The bonds will be sold at post offices and banks and issued in denomination of gram. They will issue these bonds on payment of money. Later on, the bonds will be connected to the price of gold. Investors have to pay the bond price in cash. From one person, the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme would accept a minimum investment of 2 gm gold and a maximum investment of 500 gm in a single fiscal year. The bonds will pay a yearly interest of 2.75% to investors etc.
  2. Discuss the eligibility for applying, any risks involved and other such important provisions of the scheme.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue. Bring out the importance of the scheme in reducing Gold imports, mobilization of resources etc.

 


Topic-   Conservation, environmental degradation

6) The time to act to offset the impact of climate change is now. Discuss. (250 words)

Hindustantimes

Reference

Reference

Why this question

The article discusses the IPCC report on climate change making us aware of the situation related to climate and how we have a very short window to keep temperature rise within 1.5 degree C. The article highlights the problems that might arise if temperature continues to rise moving beyond 1.5 deg C putting into effect the hothouse earth scenario which is going to be difficult to deal with. Examining the options available to us in light of the new report and brainstorming over way forward is the focus of this question.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first discuss the findings of the IPCC report and highlight the risk that faces is. Thereafter, we need to bring out the impact that unprecedented rise in temperature will have on weather, natural disasters etc. We need to discuss ways through which this situation can be addressed and suggest way forward.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight that Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has issued a special report on the impact of global warming of 1.5C.

Body

  • Discuss the outline of the main findings of the report – discusses the advantages of limiting Temperature rise to 1.5 deg rather than 2 deg to ensure the safety of Earth.
  • Discuss the impacts if temperature crosses that threshold – impact on corals, tourism, mangroves, glaciers etc
  • Discuss the steps taken so far to keep Temperature rise in check such as the Paris Agreement and highlight that too little has been done so far. Mention that the window to act is very little.
  • Suggest steps that can be taken to ensure that temperature rise limits itself to the 1.5 degree limit such as changes to our food habits, changes in energy systems etc

Conclusion – Emphasize on the severity of the problem and discuss way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic– lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders

7) Gandhi’s idea of Sarvodaya is the prescription to tackle inequalities prevalent in society. Examine. (250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

The article discusses Gandhian concept of Sarvodaya and how it’s application could be the balming effect that society is so in need of, considering the various fault lines in society. These teachings of Gandhi etc are often asked in paper 4 of GS and the concept along with its application need to be prepared in detail for either a direct question or for writing it as a part of some answer in GS4.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain what sarvodaya is, its relevance in the current climate and an explanation of how it’s application could help deal with the various fault lines existent in society and lead to better lives for all

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that Gandhian ideal of Sarvodaya is a term meaning ‘Universal Uplift’ or ‘Progress of All’. The term was first coined by Mohandas Gandhi as the title of his 1908 translation of John Ruskin’s tract on political economy, “Unto This Last”, and Gandhi came to use the term for the ideal of his own political philosophy. Later Gandhian, like the Indian non violence activist Vinoba Bhave, embraced the term as a name for the social movement in post-independence India which strove to ensure that self-determination and equality reached all strata of India society.

Body

  • Explain Sarvodaya in depth – highlight that the earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not for every man’s greed. In the Sarvodaya society of his dream, therefore, every member will be free from any greed for limitless acquisition of material wealth and more and more luxurious living and they will follow the motto of simple living and high thinking. Everyone will, thus, get ample opportunity to produce and earn sufficiently through honest work for decent and dignified living.
  • Discuss how the ideal of Sarvodaya is more ethical, more attuned to the climate realities of the times and can help in mitigating the social chasms prevalent in society.

Conclusion – Give your view on this prescription and underscore whether you think Sarvodaya can be a panacea to the problems faced by our society.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 [jetpack_subscription_form]