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4) The WHO’s objective “is the attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health”. The WHO fulfills this objective through its functions as defined in its Constitution. Discuss. (250 words)

Topic–  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4) The WHO’s objective “is the attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health”. The WHO fulfills this objective through its functions as defined in its Constitution. Discuss. (250 words)

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Why this question

WHO is an important international organization working towards better health of the global population. It is therefore important to discuss in detail about the objectives of WHO and how it fulfils those objectives.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the objectives of WHO and the functions assumed by the organization as per the terms of its constitution.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  WHO. e.g

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group.

Body

  1. Discuss the objective of WHO. e.g attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health.
  2. Discuss the constitution of the WHO and how it assigns functions to the organization. E.g  (a) To act as the directing and coordinating authority on international health work; (b) To establish and maintain effective collaboration with the United Nations, specialized agencies, governmental health administrations, professional groups and such other organizations as may be deemed appropriate; (c) To assist Governments, upon request, in strengthening health services; (d) To furnish appropriate technical assistance and, in emergencies, necessary aid upon the request or acceptance of Governments; (e) To provide or assist in providing, upon the request of the United Nations, health services and facilities to special groups, such as the peoples of trust territories etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.