Topic– Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
4) What do you think are the pros and cons of living in a slum for the urban poor(slum dwellers). Analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
Slums are a harsh reality of most of the Indian cities and the government has launched various initiatives to promote affordable housing for the urban poor. In this context, it is important to analyze the pros and cons of living in a slum area so that better policy interventions can be made in this regard.
Analyze-here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the issue, bring out the pros and cons of living in a slum from the point of view of a slum-dweller and discuss how it affects developmental efforts of the govt.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the slums and slum development programmes in India.
- Discuss the pros of living in a slum, for a slum dweller. E.g more floor space available in slums as compared to low-cost houses; better access to market and transport facilities as slums are usually found in/ around populous centres; While the younger men and women are at work, the children usually play in the neighbourhood under the watchful eyes of the older men and women. Their group also knows that if they require a service in the neighbourhood, such as having handpumps or street lights installed, they need to be together to convince their local parshad.
- Discuss the cons. E.g risky neighborhood, lack of amenities and sanitation; inability to get residence certificate and lack of access to institutional credit etc.
- Discuss how these factors prevent/ promote slum development and relocation.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.