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5) The management of shifting cultivation remains a fundamental imperative for agricultural development planning in the uplands of northeast India. Why do you think shifting cultivation is still practiced. Examine.(250 words)

Topic- Major crops and cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage.

5) The management of shifting cultivation remains a fundamental imperative for agricultural development planning in the uplands of northeast India. Why do you think shifting cultivation is still practiced. Examine.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

Shifting cultivation has important economic and environmental costs. The NITI Aayog has recently released a paper on the related issue.

Directive word

Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out the reasons as to why shifting cultivation is still practiced in some parts of India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  jhum/ shifting cultivation in India.

Body-

Discuss the reasons as to why the practice is still prevalent in India. E.g The new crops and cropping patterns have severely limited the seasonal availability of food crops and, in the case of plantation crops, restricted and compromised food availability during the gestation period, resulting in food insecurity. Food availability, and a compromised sense of nutritional security, thus becomes an issue of concern during transition. This is one of the reasons why a good number of farmers continue shifting cultivation even after adopting some alternative farming system; Changing land use and tenurial security; Challenges to ecosystem services; Access to programmes and schemes;  Credit facilities are extended against land mortgages and for shifting cultivators this effectively deprives them from accessing credit as they lack any land title deeds etc.

Go through the report to frame your answer.

Conclusion- sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.

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