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5) Abolition of untouchability in all its forms, including scavenging, remains an unrealised constitutional right. Comment.(250 words)

Topic–  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

5) Abolition of untouchability in all its forms, including scavenging, remains an unrealised constitutional right. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

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Why this question

Manual scavenging is a harsh reality in India and direct involvement of government institutions in this regard is a serious concern. It is therefore important to understand how abolition of untouchability particularly the way it is propagated by manual scavenging is an unrealised constitutional right in India.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to form an opinion in favour or against the given statement- Abolition of untouchability in all its forms, including scavenging, remains an unrealised constitutional right. However our opinion has to be formed based on proper and valid arguments/ facts.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the manual scavenging, their employment in rural as well as semi-urban areas of states like Rajasthan, MP, UP and by municipal bodies. Mention about the  steady rise in deaths of conservancy workers, and a steadier normalisation of the risks to life they bear on a daily basis.

Body-

  1. Discuss the article 17 of the constitution (fundamental right). E.g “Untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of Untouchability shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law; mention the Prohibition Of Employment As Manual Scavengers And Their Rehabilitation Act, 2013.
  2. Mention that the sanction for manual scavenging lies at the heart of majoritarian mindsets and structures. It is part of an ideological framework that permeates the institutional apparatus of government; mention the construction of insanitary latrines despite a law prohibiting the same ; There is a ban on manual scavenging and so the government considers it non-existent but there still exist more than 2.6 million dry toilets in India, according to Census 2011; etc.

conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.