Topic – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes
5) Discuss the status, achievements and challenges that remain as the Swachh Bharat Mission enters into its final stage?(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the achievements made under SBM, the challenges that remain still and the way forward for the mission, as it enters into its final year. Since the Mission is one of the focus areas of the government and it is entering into its final year of implementation, it would do well to prepare about the status, achievements and challenges of the mission.
Key demand of the question
The question is quite straightforward in its demand. It expects us to explain what SBM is and thereafter, discuss the status of projects under SBM, the achievements of the mission, the challenges faced and the way forward.
Discuss – In your discussion, you need to bring out points to highlight the status, achievements and challenges of SBM.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain the target under SBM and mention that it is to be achieved by 2019.
- Discuss the status quo – 24 States have become open-defecation free. The number of toilets built is 8.6 crore. Sanitation coverage has gone up from 39% when we started four years ago to over 93% today. What is even more significant is that, according to the most recent independent survey, as part of a World Bank-supported project, the usage of the toilets is 93% etc
- Discuss the achievements – programme has really caught on as a jan andolan . It has become a ‘people’s movement’. It has captured the imagination of the country. It has addressed centuries-old practices on open defecation, and it has had major health and economic impact. A recent World Health Organisation (WHO) report has said that by the time Swachh Bharat ends in 2019, more than 3,00,000 lives would have been saved, behavioural change programme that is at the heart of Swachh Bharat — there is evidence that it is really working.
- Discuss with the help of your wide reading, as well as points from the article, the lacunae that remains in the programme – a rush to achieve targets, faulty infrastructure, clearing sludge etc
Conclusion – Give your opinion on the achievement under this mission and what more needs to be done in the remaining year to ensure that we truly manage to create an ODF India.