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4) An uncertain policy environment and the lack of supporting infrastructure are major roadblocks to adoption of Electric Vehicles in India. Analyze.(250 words)

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) An uncertain policy environment and the lack of supporting infrastructure are major roadblocks to adoption of Electric Vehicles in India. Analyze.(250 words)

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Why this question

The article examines the challenges faced by electric vehicle sector in India. The article delves into the policy and infrastructure loopholes that hasn’t allowed the sector to grow at the pace necessary. Since PM has targeted unleashing an era of electric mobility, the topic is important for mains.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the status of electric vehicles sector in India, the issues and challenges faced by them, evaluate whether the slow growth can be attributed to the policy and infrastructural lacunae. Thereafter, we need to provide a way forward as to how the performance of this sector can be bettered.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that India wants to create a robust and affordable electric mobility ecosystem comprising production facilities and a large network of charging points to achieve three key strategic goals—cutting down carbon emissions, creating new job opportunities and reduce use of crude oil, about 80% of the requirement of which is met through imports. The goal is to have 30% electric vehicles by 2030.

Body

  • Discuss the status quo with respect to electric vehicles and highlight the challenges faced – EV market currently has one of the lowest penetration rates in the world.
  • Discuss the challenges – Capital costs are high and the payoff is uncertain; India’s limited ability to manufacture cost effective batteries, requirement of raw materials like Li and Co; inadequate battery charging infrastructure etc
  • Analyze the reasons behind these challenges. Scrutinize government’s policies related to this sector to come to a conclusion whether policy lacunae are partly to blame – frequent shifting of targets and uncertain future of FAME, high rate of GST on EVs when government is trying to promote EVs, lack of attention on building charging infrastructure etc.
  • Discuss how the situation can be improved such through policies such as treating the entire EV sector as one close knit ecosystem driven by models of sustainable generation and consumptions, clarifying policies under FAME II etc

Conclusion – Give your view on where improvement in needed and end on a hopeful note that with firm policy direction and robust infrastructure, we can hope to improve on our current situation.

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