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5) Despite the looming threat of natural disasters over several parts of the country, most of our cities are ill prepared to deal with such exigencies. Examine and suggest improvements that can be made?(250 words)

Topic –  Disaster and disaster management

5) Despite the looming threat of natural disasters over several parts of the country, most of our cities are ill prepared to deal with such exigencies. Examine and suggest improvements that can be made?(250 words)

Hindustantimes

 

Why this question

This article talks about the reasons why Indian cities are ill equipped to deal with the challenges posed by disasters. With the intensity and frequency of natural calamities increasing, it is imperative for Indian cities to prepare a strategy for minimising losses to life and property. This question expects us to ponder upon these aspects.

Key demand of the question

This question expects us to explain the disaster risk profile of the country, reasons why despite such high risk our preparation in preparing for such disasters and dealing with its aftermath is poor. Finally, we need to give suggestions for improvement in status quo.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight some of the recent disasters and the growing threats to cities from the wrath of nature.

Body

  • Elaborate on the claim that there is a looming threat of disasters over several part of the country – briefly explain the disaster map of India and the regions which are under the threat of earthquakes, cyclones, floods , new phenomena such as urban floods etc.
  • Highlight the reasons why they are ill equipped to deal with such disasters – most city government still grapple with basis day to day issues, multiplicity of authorities etc in bigger cities etc. Discuss the issues with our disaster management strategy.
  • Give suggestions as to how to deal with the impending threat of disasters and be prepared to deal with them – Discuss the guidelines suggested by Sendai framework, suggestions given by 2nd ARC report on disaster management etc

Conclusion – Summarize the status of Indian cities with respect to managing disasters and discuss way forward.