Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Climate of India”
2) How far do you agree that the behaviour of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscapes? Comment. (250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out the impact that human intervention has had on altering monsoons of India and also requires us to explain how and why those interventions have impacted the monsoons.
Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what humanizing landscape means – Humanizing the landscape can be defined as changing the natural landscape architecture as per requirement of human beings like Urbanization or Industrialization. All these make disturbances in hydrological cycle of atmosphere either reducing or increasing the rate of evaporation and ultimately cause to change the pattern of Indian Monsoon
- Explain the impact that humanizing landscape has had – bring out the impacts such as destruction of wetlands, deforestation, use of concrete, agriculture, dam construction etc
- Explain how these factors have impacted the monsoons – explain that Devastation of wetlands in urban areas such as lake or ponds is one of major reason of irregular rain pattern in big cities like Chennai or Srinagar, deforestation has caused changes in carbon budget impacting rainfalls etc
Conclusion – discuss that anthropogenic factors are a major factor leading to climate change.