Topic– Part of statistics series under the heading – “Himalayas”
7) Himalayas are not only the physical barrier, they are also a climatic, drainage and cultural divide. Analyze. (250 words)
NCERT India Physical environment Pg 11
Key demand of the question
The focus of the question is explaining the multiple role played by Himalayas which impact India’s climate, drainage and culture. We need to explain first the physical presence of Himalayas and next, explain how are they a climatic, drainage and cultural divide.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain how Himalayas serve as the physical barrier of India. Highlight that Himalayas has great impact on climate, drainage and culture
- Explain impact on climate – The Himalayas play a very important role in influencing the climate of India. India is a monsoon land only because of the presence of Himalayas. It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain. It also blocks the cold winter storms of East Asia from entering India, thus protecting us from severe cold. The Himalayas splits the westerly jet streams into two branches such that the southward branch entering India plays a significant role in bringing the monsoon.
- Explain impact on drainage system of India – Discuss the drainage patterns of India’s Himalayan rivers and how Himalayas is the source of such rivers
- Explain impact of Himalayas on culture
Conclusion – Explain that Himalayas play immense role in India’s context.