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6) The development of the guidance on Adaptation Communications offers a ray of hope for the larger process. Analyze, in context of the concerns of the developing countries.(250 words)

Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6) The development of the guidance on Adaptation Communications offers a ray of hope for the larger process. Analyze, in context of the concerns of the developing countries.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Climate change is a big threat for humanity and enhancing adaptive capacities is a critical component of our strategy to combat it. The Paris agreement provides for a regular adaptation communications (AC) from all the signatories. We need to understand the significance of these ACs and see whether there are any issues involved, which need to be discussed.

Directive word

Analyze-Here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into issue and bring out the significance of ACs and how the recent development of the guidance on ACs offers a ray of hope vis a vis our fight against climate change. We have to discuss the issue in the context of the concerns of the developing countries.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the Paris agreement and ACs. e.g The Paris Agreement requires countries to report regularly on various aspects of their climate policy and important element of reporting is adaptation communication (AC), which requires that Parties “submit and update periodically” an AC, which would ideally include their adaptation priorities, implementation and support needs, plans and actions.

Body-

  • Mention that the cost of adaptation in developing countries is likely to be US$ 140-300 billion per year by 2030. So, these countries have a strong interest in making sure the cost factor is at the centre of climate deliberations, especially through regular reporting of their adaptation priorities; support is currently being provided, to a limited extent, by the Green Climate Fund, the Global Environment Facility and a few other financial institutions but the amount available does not match the true cost of adaptation etc.
  • Discuss how the development of guidance on ACs offers a ray of hope. E.g The Bangkok climate negotiations have  proposed a draft of this guidance on ACs. The document outlines the purpose of adaptation communications, the principles underpinning them, the modalities for communicating, submitting and updating them, and modalities to update/revise/review the guidance. Crucially, it also includes sections relating to (i) support for the preparation, updating and implementation of ACs and (ii) the linkages between ACs and other obligations in the Paris Agreement; one of the options that the document offers is to urge “developed country Parties to channel new and additional public climate funds to support adaptation activities in developing countries”. The same option places this exhortation for support in the context of “the importance of adaptation communications as a key step toward achieving the global goal on adaptation”. This is a constructive language that emphasises the need for support for adaptation communications as well as the purpose of the support etc.

Conclusion– sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.

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