Topic– Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
4) Critically examine the need for removal of restriction on direct sugar use as feedstock for ethanol production.(250 words)
Why this question
Sugar is an important agricultural produce for millions of Indian farmers. However recently Indian sugarcane producers as well as sugar mill have been facing several issues including decreasing sugar prices. In this respect it is important to examine what would be the impact of removing restrictions on direct use of sugar as a feedstock for ethanol production.
Critically examine- Here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. Based on our discussion we have to form a concluding opinion on the issue.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to delve deep into the issue and bring out why there is a need to remove the restrictions placed on direct use of sugar as a feedstock for ethanol production. It also wants us to bring out the effects of such a policy decision.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- write a few introductory lines about Indian sugar industry- rank in production, imports, exports etc.
- Discuss why there is a need to remove such restrictions. E.g discuss the falling sugar prices and anticipation of a further fall in price levels; increasing production of sugar which will further impact prices; limited blending ratio and a lot of scope to increase the blending rates; less scope for export in the face of global competition etc.
- Discuss the impact it would have on all stakeholders. E.g removing restrictions will enhance ethanol production; make prices remunerative for millers who in turn can pass on the fair price to the sugarcane producers; additional land required to meet ethanol blending programme by 2020 will not be needed etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.