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2) The problem of crop residue burning in India is intensified because of technological limitations or policy confusion. Evaluate. (250 words)

TopicConservation, environmental pollution and degradation

2) The problem of crop residue burning in India is intensified because of technological limitations or policy confusion. Evaluate. (250 words)

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Why this question

The article highlights the problem of crop residue burning, which is a significant factor for the worsening of AQI over Northern parts of the country. The article examines the various technological interventions and the associated issues, as well as the policy lacunae that leads to this problem being persistent over the years. This article will help us in preparing this issue in comprehensive detail.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the issues involved in this annual saga where the burning of crop residue causes immense problems related to air quality. Next, we are expected to attribute the causes of this persistent issue to either technological issues or policy issues. In this part, we need to examine the present technological and policy challenges and explain why one is a bigger cause than the other. Finally, we need to provide a way forward.

Directive word

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – explain the problem of crop residue burning and why is it such a huge environmental challenge.

Body

  • Discuss the technological solutions available to deal with this issue such as alternative use of paddy straw, power generation using paddy straw, ethanol production, production of bio CNG etc. Discuss the reasons why these solutions are not working out effectively.
  • Next, highlight the policy confusions which has led to the festering of this problem. Highlight issues such as national policy on biofuels does not cover support to bio-CNG produced from paddy straw in the form of minimum support price for straw , subsidy provided with a date of lapse which creates issues etc
  • Discuss how the issue can be resolved – effective coordination, need to take a relook at the national policy on biofuels, and budgetary allocation of `1,151 crore for machinery subsidy in light of the emergence of new and efficient technologies for bio-CNG, ethanol, and manure production, factor in the cost of using groundwater for crops that produce paddy for future policy decisions

Conclusion – Give your fair and balanced view on the cause of the persistent nature of this problem.

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