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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 SEPTEMBER 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 SEPTEMBER 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

1) Although BIMSTEC has made several significant strides recently, it still faces a number of challenges undermining its potential. Analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

The hindu

Why this question

BIMSTEC is an important regional organisation of which India is a prime member. The organisation was started 19 years ago but it has not been able to work at the desired levels and faces several challenges limiting its potential. The organisation has recently taken many measures which will strengthen and revitalise the organisation.

Directive word

Analyze-Here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into the issue and identify and discuss upon the recent strides made by the BIMSTEC. We also have to deliberate upon the challenges faced by the organisation.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about BIMSTEC- when was it founded, who are the members etc.

Body-

  • Discuss the steps/ measures taken recently by the BIMSTEC. E.g the  work begins now on drafting a charter for BIMSTEC, which has functioned so far on the basis of the Bangkok Declaration of 1997, and outcomes of the past three summits and the Leaders’ Retreat in 2016; Permanent Working Committee will be set up to provide direction during the period between two summits and also to prepare the Rules of Procedure; the Secretariat has been promised additional financial and human resources and enhancement of its role to coordinate, monitor and facilitate the group’s activities; the leaders took the bold decision to establish the BIMSTEC Development Fund; recognising that 16 areas of cooperation represent too wide a spectrum, the BIMSTEC governments will make a serious endeavour to review, restructure and rationalise various sectors, identifying a few core areas etc.
  • Discuss the challenges faced by the organisation limiting its potential. E.g no regular summits; Myanmar and Thailand more inclined towards ASEAN; Motor Vehicle Agreement and the Coastal Shipping Agreement would still need more time for finalisation; concerns that India as a unproportionately large member assuming primacy and hegemony in the group; lack of funds etc.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


 

Topic– Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to
Education

2) Discuss the reasons why so many children in India still remain out of school? Suggest ways through which this situation can be reversed?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The article discusses the gaps in enrolment among children, examines the gender gap in those numbers and discusses reasons behind the same. These issues are important from GS2 perspective and will also serve as fodder points for essay.

Key demand of the question

The question first expects us to explain the background to the question by providing our interpretation of data provided in the article. Next, we need to discuss the reasons why so many children remain out if school, and the causes behind gender gap in those numbers. After analysing the issues involved we need to discuss the ways in which this number can be brought down.

Directive word

Discuss  –

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the data provided by 2011 census, 2014 survey commissioned by Ministry of HRD and the data calculated on the basis of NSS. Mention why this deserves deeper analysis.

Body

  • Mention the reasons why so many children stay out of school – caste factor, gender factor, religion factor, economic factors etc
  • Discuss the implementation issues of RTE, discuss the other factors that have hindered enrolment of children
  • Based on the reasons described above, highlight the steps that can be taken to improve the status of child enrolement in schools

Conclusion – Emphasize on the need for correcting this gaps, highlight the advantages that will be accrued and suggest way forward.

 


Topic–  India and its bilateral relations

3) Mature countries work together in areas where their interests converge and act independently in areas where interests diverge. Discuss in light of US India relationship? (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The 2+2 dialogue framework of India USA is set to meet this week. India USA relationship has always been important from mains point of view. This year however the relation has seen several crests and troughs, partially on account of the unpredictable policy of Mr Trump. This article highlights the strains and strengths of the relationship and is thus important.

Key demand of the question

This question expects us to discuss the contours of India USA relationship, highlight their convergences and divergences. Thereafter, we need to bring out how the two countries are cooperating despite their differences. The way forward for the relationship is to be mentioned at the end.

Directive word

Discuss –

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief history of India USA relationship, mention that they are strategic partners, often called estranged democracies etc

Body

  • Discuss the convergence as well as divergence of the two nation geopolitical, geostrategic and geoeconomic dimensions. In geopolitical discuss the conflicts in alliance such as over Russia, Iran etc. In geostrategic, highlight the similarities in intention in protecting marine trade routes in Asia etc. In geoeconomics the relationship constantly undergoes push and pulls with frequent conflicts at WTO and yet the two nations have sizeable trade with each other
  • Highlight the issues that arise in the relationship between the two countries as a result of their differences. Discuss the progress made in the relationship in areas such as defence
  • Highlight the potential of the relationship and discuss why cooperation between the two is mutually beneficial and that the relationship should not be held hostage to tiny differences. Discuss the institutional framework that has been put in place after long and the role they can play in mitigating differences.

Conclusion – Give your view on the status of relationship and discuss way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


TopicVarious Security forces and agencies and their mandate

4) Discuss the role played by the Border Security Force in protecting the sovereignty and integrity of the nation. (250 words)

Reference

Wikipedia

Why this question

BSF is an important security organisation which works in varied terrains ranging from the Thar desert to the Jammu Kashmir and in the swamps of eastern India. It is important to know about the role played by this paramount organisation in protecting the sovereignty and integrity of the nation.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the BSF, its role and the role it has played in protecting the sovereignty and integrity of the nation.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – write a few introductory lines about BSF. e.g it was raised in 1965 with the specific purpose of manning the Indian borders as the first line of defence against

infiltration, smuggling and military assault etc. mention that it is a paramilitary organization under the control of Ministry of Home etc.

Body-

Discuss the wartime and peacetime role of BSF.

Discuss the role played by the BSF protecting the sovereignty and integrity of India. e.g discuss its role in 1971 Indo Pak war and Liberation of Bangladesh; discuss the role of BSF in Tackling the Problem of Insurgency in North-Eastern India;  Terrorism in Punjab and the Role of BSF (1989-1993); Kashmir Militancy; BSF in Operation Vijay: Kargil, 1999; Left-Wing Extremism etc.

Conclusion sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.

 


TopicSecurity challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

5) Militancy in Kashmir has turned into a new phase, and needs to be dealt sensibly. Analyze.(250 words)

Indian express

Reference

Why this question

Militancy in Kashmir has witnessed a sharp increase in recent years. Besides, the profile of militants has changed and the militants have changed their tactics. It is therefore important to analyze the situation and discuss a possible solution.

Directive word

Analyze-Here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into the issue and discuss how militancy has changed and what form it has taken in recent years, identify the factors behind and discuss the need for a sensible approach to deal with the problem.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the militancy in Kashmir- e.g when did it start and mention its decline by 2006-80. Mention the increase in no. of militants to 300, which has happened after a decade.

Body-

  • Discuss how militancy has changed over time in Kashmir. E.g increase in number and proportion of local militants; south kashmir dominated by local militants while the north and north-western part is dominated by foreign militants; use of social media and sophisticated communication technology has increased; use and targeting of civilians as pressure tactics; fall in moral grounds of militants etc.
  • Discuss the need for a sensible approach to deal with the issue. E.g mention the growing local support for militants; rise in militancy; lack of a stable, pro-active, democratic governance etc. Mention issues like opposition to Article 370, 35A etc
  • Discuss what kind of approach is needed. E.g a sensible approach which assumes high moral grounds; helps build public confidence; lays down path for a stable, proactive, democratic governance etc.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic–  Part of static series under the heading – “Oceans – basics”

6) Bring out the various ecological problems associated with the exploitation and use of oceans and their resources?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the status of world’s oceans, highlight the problems plaguing them and give reasons on account of why the problems are being faced.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – highlight that a recent study has pointed out that the area of dead zones in oceans has quadrupled since 1950.

Body

  • Discuss the status of world’s oceans. Highlight that the oceans are suffering on account of plastic pollution, overexploitation of oceanic resources etc
  • Discuss the problems in detail such as – overfishing, irresponsible fish farming, acidification, garbage etc and the issues they cause
  • Discuss the impact that such reckless exploitation of oceanic resources have on health of oceans.

General Studies – 4


Topic- Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7) Corruption is a multi-faceted problem and requires a comprehensive strategy to deal with. Discuss the ways in which corruption can be reduced.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Corruption is one of the key reasons behind poverty, abuse/lack  of human rights in developing countries like India. Therefore it is vital to discuss the ways in which corruption can be reduced.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the ways in which corruption can be fought against. The answer should provide a comprehensive approach and discuss at length, all the practical ways to fight corruption.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the economic, social and moral harms inflicted by corruption. Mention how it widens inequality, leads to human rights abuse etc.

Body-

Discuss in points/ paras, the ways in which corruption can be fought. E.g

  • Need to understand the different kinds of corruption to develop smart responses.
  • Create pathways that give citizens relevant tools to engage and participate in their governments – identify priorities,  problems and find solutions.
  • Cut the red tape
  • Harness IT tools
  • Align anti-corruption measures with market, behavioral, and social forces etc

Conclusion-  sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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