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2) Discuss the reasons why so many children in India still remain out of school? Suggest ways through which this situation can be reversed?(250 words)

Topic– Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to
Education

2) Discuss the reasons why so many children in India still remain out of school? Suggest ways through which this situation can be reversed?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The article discusses the gaps in enrolment among children, examines the gender gap in those numbers and discusses reasons behind the same. These issues are important from GS2 perspective and will also serve as fodder points for essay.

Key demand of the question

The question first expects us to explain the background to the question by providing our interpretation of data provided in the article. Next, we need to discuss the reasons why so many children remain out if school, and the causes behind gender gap in those numbers. After analysing the issues involved we need to discuss the ways in which this number can be brought down.

Directive word

Discuss  –

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the data provided by 2011 census, 2014 survey commissioned by Ministry of HRD and the data calculated on the basis of NSS. Mention why this deserves deeper analysis.

Body

  • Mention the reasons why so many children stay out of school – caste factor, gender factor, religion factor, economic factors etc
  • Discuss the implementation issues of RTE, discuss the other factors that have hindered enrolment of children
  • Based on the reasons described above, highlight the steps that can be taken to improve the status of child enrolement in schools

Conclusion – Emphasize on the need for correcting this gaps, highlight the advantages that will be accrued and suggest way forward.