Topic – Climate change ; Disaster Management
5) What do you understand by climate resilient infrastructure? Evaluate whether our infrastructure is climate resilient, and suggest steps to better it, in light of the recent Kerala floods? (250 words)
Why this question
The article highlights how the lack of climate resilient Infrastructure and related policies played a role in magnifying the impact of the disaster in Kerala. With the frequency of extreme weather events seeing an upswing in recent years, we need to upgrade our disaster preparedness. One area is creation of climate resilient infrastructure. The article explains the need, gaps in policy and implementation which needs to be prepared.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain what climate resilient infrastructure is, examine why it needs to be focussed upon, the gaps in our current policy and implementation. Finally we need to come up with suggestions to improve the situation.
Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences. You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Mention that While a lot is being planned to ensure that the march of climate change is halted, the truth is that we are not investing enough in resilience and adaptability. In this context, mention that climate resilient infrastructure is the need of the hour.
- Explain climate resilient infrastructure – Climate change will affect all types of infrastructure, including energy, transport and water. Rising temperatures, increased flood risk and other potential hazards will threaten the reliable and efficient
operation of these networks, with potentially large economic and social impacts. Decisions made now about the design, location and operation of infrastructure will determine how resilient they will be to a changing climate.
- Discuss why investing in climate resilient infrastructure is important – disaster preparedness, prevention of economic losses, minimal disruption to society etc. Give illustration from the recent floods in Kerala and elsewhere to explain why this issue needs redressal.
- Highlight the gaps in our approach to climate resilient infrastructure – lack of finance despite promising steps by central and state governments, lack of research in the area, policy not formulated, reactive rather than proactive approach to disaster management etc
Conclusion – Summarize your answer by establishing that our preparedness should improve and suggest ways to do so.