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2) India China reset is necessary for India to pursue meaningful engagement with South East Asian countries. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Topic–  India and its neighborhood- relations.

2) India China reset is necessary for India to pursue meaningful engagement with South East Asian countries. Critically analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The article discusses the impact and links that China has with ASEAN. The article argues that in terms of India’s relationship with ASEAN, India would gain if it has deeper ties with china. Off late, India has started resetting it’s ties with China due to several reasons and the question expects us to bring out these issues.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first describe the status of India’s relationship with china and ASEAN. Thereafter, we need to provide both sides of the debate that whether it would be prudent for India to reset ties with China for pursuing a closer partnership with ASEAN, or whether, China is not a factor in India Asean ties as well as ties with other countries of south Asia. Finally, a fair and balanced view needs to be provided.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the importance of ASEAN in India’s foreign policy and the importance is reflected in act East policy of India.

Body

  • Mention the difference in approach of India and China vis a vis ASEAN – India pursues influence through heightened diplomatic, bilateral and military engagement, China has started to garner influence through hard investments in cash-strapped littoral nations suffering from massive infrastructural deficits.
  • Discuss other influences of China on Asean – code of conduct in South China sea, the heavy investment that China has made in countries like Cambodia and Vietnam etc
  • Highlight the pros and cons of the need for India to reset ties with china to pursue closer relationship with ASEAN and other nations of south Asia.

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view on this and discuss the way forward.