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7) What are human values. Discuss. Also discuss some the human values having a universal relevance.(250 words)

Topic-Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) What are human values. Discuss. Also discuss some the human values having a universal relevance.(250 words)

Lexicon Ethics Book; Chapter- Ethics and Human interface.


Directive word

Discuss- Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning and significance of human values. It also wants us to write in detail about some human values that have universal relevance.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about human values. E.g values are desirable, trans-situational goals, varying in importance, that serves as guiding principles in people’s lives. Each of us holds numerous values with varying degrees of importance. A particular value may be very important to one person, but unimportant to another.


  • Discuss the common features of human values. E.g Values are beliefs are beliefs tied inextricably to emotion; Values are a motivational construct. They refer to the desirable goals people strive to attain ; Values transcend specific actions and situations. They are abstract goals which distinguishes them from concepts like norms and attitudes, which usually refer to specific actions, objects, or situations; Values guide the selection or evaluation of actions, policies, people, and events i.e serve as standards or criteria; Values are ordered by importance relative to one another. People’s values form an ordered system of value priorities that characterize them as individuals. This hierarchical feature of values also distinguishes them from norms and attitudes.
  • Discuss in points values which have a universal relevance in terms of different societies. E.g

Truth; Love-Caring; Peace; Responsibility; Justice etc.Discuss each value briefly and take the help of the book and the article attached to the question to from your answer.

Conclusionsum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.