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1) Critically examine whether accepting bilateral or multilateral assistance would impact India’s superpower status?(250 words)

Topic–  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

1) Critically examine whether accepting bilateral or multilateral assistance would impact India’s superpower status?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Recently the matter of taking funds from abroad has been in news. The article discusses the issue and analyzes the reasons why India is reticent in accepting funds from abroad. The issue is linked to the overall objectives of India’s foreign policy and merits discussion.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to examine the reasons why India is reticent in accepting funds from abroad for disaster management purposes. Thereafter, analyze whether this stand taken by the government makes sense by discussing its pros and cons. Give your view on whether accepting funds from abroad makes sense.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Discuss why this topic is in news by mentioning the offer of RS 700 cr for flood assistance from UAE and India’s stand on it.

Body –

  • Explain that  decided not to seek external assistance for disaster relief — from foreign countries or even the United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross. The context of that decision was India’s superpower dream. It was felt that India should demonstrate that it had the strength to withstand and counter calamities and also help its neighbours
  • Examine whether this stand makes sense – in its favour we need to discuss that taking funds from abroad would reflect poorly on India’s aspirations of becoming a permanent member of UN etc. Against it we need to point out the practical realities of rebuilding, the fiscal constraints etc

Conclusion – Finally we need to provide a fair and balanced opinion on India’s decision of not accepting foreign aid for relief efforts and discuss the way forward.