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3) What do you understand by open access. Discuss. Also discuss the present and future of open access initiatives in India.(250 words)

TopicAwareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

3) What do you understand by open access. Discuss. Also discuss the present and future of open access initiatives in India.(250 words)

Indian express


Why this question

The way scholars present their research work and communicate with their peers has changed significantly and internet has become the primary medium of communication. Open access initiatives (OA) is built on the foundations of an open and  free knowledge space, which comes with several benefits for developing countries like India as well as the world in general. It is thus essential to know about the concept and its present status and scope for India.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning and significance of the “open access”. It then wants us to discuss at length the present status and the future of OAI in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few lines about the OA- Open access is a new trend in scholarly communication which has gained enormous momentum in the recent years In order  to overcome ‘commercialization of scholarly publication’ or ‘serials crisis’ and to communicate the fruits of scholarly literature to a world wide community of researchers and scientists the OA initiative emerged as a revolutionary movement that promotes free access to scholarly publications over the Internet, removes the price and permission barriers and ensures the widest possible dissemination of research. OA literature and journals and are expected to be read more often than those with subscriptions thereby having a higher impact rate.


  • Discuss the present status of OAI in India. E.g In India poor access to international journals and the low visibility of research papers are the major problems facing Indian researchers. To meet this challenge and to generate a national R&D resource base, an open access approach in line with the Budapest Open Access Initiative is being promoted. Various Indian R&D organizations, leading scientific research institutions (such as Indian Institute of Science, IITs, ISI, institutes under the CSIR and Indian Council of Medical Research etc.) are now taking part in the open access movement by establishing institutional and digital repositories to provide worldwide access to their research literature. Several Indian publishers have already adopted the open-access philosophy for the electronic versions of their journals. Unlike some open-access journals in other countries, in which authors pay to publish their papers, Indian open-access journals use government grants and subscriptions to their print version to cover publishing costs. Another significant development in open access scenario has been the Open-Course-Ware (OCW) which has gain momentum with the announcement of availability of learning resources on the Internet by two important national level organizations, namely IGNOU and NCERT.
  • Discuss the future of such initiatives. E.g mention the challenges involved- low popularity, limited content, Intellectual property issues continue to dominate the OA landscape. As a result many archives are either in the development stage or on the intranets pending clarification of IPR issues etc.

Conclusion–  sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.