Topic– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or
affecting India’s interests
2) Evaluate whether a new refocused Africa strategy is emerging in Indian foreign policy? Discuss the contours of such a policy?(250 words)
Why this question
Modi’s recent visit to Africa for bilateral visits as well as the BRICS summit came at a critical juncture when several countries are vying for establishing a secure foothold in Africa. In this backdrop, India’s Africa Policy has gathered some momentum which merits discussion.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain the need for reevaluation of our African outreach, the key challenges therein and how are we responding through those challenges.
Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences. You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain the growing competition amongst nations like India, China, USA etc for securing foothold in Africa and PM Modi’s visit to African nations which comes at an opportune time.
- Explain the need for a reevaluation of our policy for African outreach – highlight the competition and how despite similar goals and challenges, India and Africa relations leave a lot to be desired.
- Explain the challenges that India has to overcome and the strengths that India can leverage such as presence of Indian diaspora, huge experience in solving similar challenges at home etc
- Discuss the changes made by India in its policy – India has tried to differentiate itself by engaging with its diaspora and private sector links to build development partnerships, India-Africa forums and is working with Japan on an Asia Africa Growth Corridor etc
- Discuss the impact of these
Conclusion – Evaluate whether India’s policy counts as a refocused African strategy and discuss way forward.