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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 AUGUST 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 AUGUST 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic Part of static series under the heading -”CIC – functions and importance”

1) Discuss the provisions for ensuring independence of CIC? Critically examine whether the proposed amendments to RTI Act would dilute the independence of CIC?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to detail out the provisions which ensure independence of CIC. Thereafter, it expects us to examine the proposed amendments to RTI Act and the impact it is likely to have, particularly on the independence of CIC.

Directive word

Discuss – Here the constitutional and other provisions which ensure the independence of CIC is to be mentioned.

Critically Examine – the impact of the move, pros and cons and way forward needs to be discussed here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention about the role that CIC plays in RTI scheme. Mention that the proposed amendments makes changes wrt terms of service of CIC.

Body – Mention in brief the significance of the role of CIC in RTI Act. Discuss the terms of service of CIC which ensures that the office of CIC is independent such as appointment, salary etc. Examine what changes in terms of service are proposed by the amendment and the impact it will have.

Conclusion – Give your view on the proposed changes, and discuss the way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic– Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2) Discuss the historical context behind Article 35A. Also, examine the possible implications of abrogating Article 35A, on the state of Jammu and Kashmir.(250 words)

The hindu

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

The SC is currently hearing a writ petition  filed by NGO, We the Citizens, which challenges the validity of both Article 35A and Article 370.  The SC has hinted refering the issue to the constitutional bench. It is therefore essential to know about the historical context of the article and discuss the implications of abrogating it.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question.

Examine-Here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about how article 35A was added to the constitution, what is its significance. It also wants us to dig deeper into the topic and bring out, what could be the possible implications of abrogating it.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines on the nature of Article 35A in terms of what special provisions it creates for the Permanent Residents of the J&K.

Body

  1. Discuss the historical context of Article 35A. E.g during british rule- not british subjects; In 1927, the then Maharaja of Kashmir, passed the Hereditary State Subject Order which granted the respective state subjects with the right to government office and the right to land use and ownership. These rights were extended solely to the state subjects; After the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to the Indian Union, in October 1947, even though the Maharaja ceded all control to the Government of India, the exclusivity of state subjects remained unchanged. In the 1952 Delhi Agreement, the government of the state and the Union collectively agreed upon the extension of Indian citizenship to all residents of the state but the state would still be empowered to legislature over the rights of the state-subjects, who will now be referred to as permanent residents. Article 35A was incorporated into the Constitution by an order of the then President Rajendra Prasad on the advice of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and his cabinet.
  2. Discuss the positive implications of abrogating Article 35A. E.g closer integration of the valley with the rest of the country; accelerate development and investment in the valley etc.
  3. Discuss the negative implications- e.g the valley has been tense and unitedly opposing the abrogation; could fuel more violence and estrangement in the valley etc.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


 

Topic– Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) The Motor vehicles amendment bill passed by the Lok Sabha recently is a much needed reform, but it raises several issues and is fraught with several deficiencies. Critically examine.(250 words)

Reference

The hindu

The hindu

Why this question

The Lok Sabha recently passed the Motor vehicles amendment bill which brings in significant reforms in the transportation sector. However, the bill has been criticized on several accounts, which needs to be discussed.

Directive word

Examine- Here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to look into the provisions of the Motor vehicles amendment bill and find out the positive as well as negative implications, deficiencies of the bill, which it fails to address. Based on our discussion we have to form an opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the  ‘Road Accidents in India, 2016’ report and relatively high number of road accidents in India. Mention that, in order to make roads safer, the Centre in consultation with State Transport Ministers came up with this Bill to amend the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.

Body

  • Discuss the positive points of the bill. E.g defines aggregators as “a digital intermediary or market place for a passenger to connect with a driver for the purpose of transportation.”; optional for State governments to follow central guidelines on issuing licenses to such aggregators; higher penalties for traffic violations; National Transportation Policy; caps the maximum liability for third party insurance in case of a motor accident; provides for a Motor Vehicle Accident Fund which would provide compulsory insurance cover to all road users in India for certain types of accidents; Aggregators, however, now have to be compliant with the Information Technology Act, 2000; provides for the recall of vehicles if the defective vehicle is a danger to the environment, the driver or other road users; provisions to harness technology, including CCTV monitoring, to improve road safety etc.
  • Discuss the deficiencies and the limitations of the bill and also other issues it raises. E.g Sections 66A and 88A, which will empower the Centre to form a National Transportation Policy through a process of consultation, and not concurrence; Centrally-drafted schemes to be issued for national, multi-modal and inter-State movement of goods and passengers, for rural mobility and even last-mile connectivity; need for strong enforcement with regard to road safety provisions; lack of a professional investigation agency; issue of creating a new fund, with Solatium Fund already existing to provide compensation for hit and run accidents, the purpose of the new Accident Fund is unclear. ;  does not cap the compensation amount that courts can award.  In cases where courts award compensation higher than the maximum liability amount, it is unclear who will pay the remaining amount etc.

Conclusion- briefly discuss the way-forward that should be adopted in order to enhance the effectiveness and desirability of these reforms.


Topic – Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of the vulnerable sections.

4) Modernising the law on adultery is essential to live up to the commitment to equality offered by the Constitution.Comment.(250 words)

Economictimes

 

Why this question

Indian law on adultery is a colonial era law which needs a relook, given that it is gender biased and misunderstands the modern notion of marriage.

Directive word

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our opinion in favour or against the statement, whether Indian law on adultery needs a revisit and amendments in order to reflect the modern society.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about the salient features of Indian law on adultery. E.g section 497 of IPC; The law as it stands in India is a colonial creation, formulated 158 years ago and mention that it needs an amendment to keep up with the spirit of the times.

Body-

  • Discuss how Indian law treats adultery.
  • Bring Out the reasons as to why the law needs to be revised. E.g The law has moved on in England, where adultery is no longer penalised except as a ground to claim irretrievable breakdown of marriage; Adultery is, in Indian law, violation of one man’s marital home by another, in which women are seen as passive objects wholly devoid of agency etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion and arguments form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the issue.

 


Topic– Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

5) Dispute resolution is one of the key functions of WTO. Describe the mechanism of dispute resolution at WTO and examine the issues involved?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

As global consensus over rules based multilateral trading comes under stress, WTO often comes into news. Dispute resolution process at WTO has directly impacted India on several occasions and thus it is important to learn more about this mechanism, and understand the issues involved, as discussed in the article.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain in detail the mechanism of dispute resolution at WTO and discuss the issues in the process . We are also expected to suggest measures how the process can be improved to everyone’s liking.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief history of trade dispute  resolution which started with the conceptualization of ITO. Explain the nature of dispute resolution at WTO.

Body

  • Off late India has been involved in several dispute resolution process at WTO such as the case of export subsidies, solar panels etc.  Highlight that the process of dispute resolution bears a huge impact on trade as well as domestic economy.
  • Explain the process of dispute resolution at WTO
  • Discuss the issues that are plaguing dispute resolution process – politicisation of the process, non appointment of appellate body members, dealing with complex issues which require expertise which is missing due to the immense stress that appellate body functions under etc
  • Discuss some of the reform measures which can help in streamlining the process – revision in voting rights to ensure greater share of developing countries in decision making, consensus building by supporters of multilateral trade like EU, China, India etc

Conclusion – Emphasize on the necessity of having a smooth and fair dispute resolution process and how we can achieve the same.


General Studies – 3


Topic-  Indian agriculture – issues

6) Critically examine whether Bt Cotton has helped Indian farmers and Indian economy? Do you think government should stop resisting the usage  of such technology?(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question

The article talks about the benefits that have been reaped from BT cotton. The have been several arguments regarding Bt crops said in favour and against. Understanding those arguments is thus critical, hence this question.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the pros and cons of utilisation of bt cotton and give our on opinion on what the government should do regarding the future of bt crops.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure  of the answer

Introduction– Explain what Bt Cotton is.

Body

  • Mention about the fact that impressed by the advantages offered by Bollgard II, farmers have planted Bt cotton, unapproved, in several parts of the country.
  • Discuss the advantages offered for the farmers. Mention that the proof of the advantages reaped lies in the fact that farmers are willing to pay more than the capped amount for purchasing seeds.
  • Give other advantages of usage of such technology – increased production and exports , reduction in use of pesticides etc
  • Discuss some of the challenges – opposition by farmers welfare group who raise fear of conglomerates like Monsanto, the impact on ecology due to fear of monoculture etc
  • Give your view on what according to you should be the future

Conclusion – discuss what the way forward must be.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic-Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

7) Discuss the five components of emotional intelligence as proposed by Daniel Goleman.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the components of emotional intelligence as put forward by the famous author and science journalist, Daniel Goleman.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Write a few lines about the importance of having a high emotional intelligence in our personal and professional lives.

Body-

Discuss in points the five components of emotional intelligence as put forward by Daniel Goleman. E.g

  • Self-awareness.
  • Self-regulation.
  • Internal motivation.
  • Empathy.
  • Social Skills.

Explain the relevance of each of these components in determining the level of emotional intelligence of a person.

Conclusionsum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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