Topic – Salient features of Indian Society
2) Elderly women are the worst sufferers of nuclearization of Indian families. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
The question tries to analyze the impact of nuclearization of families on status of elderly women and the nature of problems they face.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to first explain the status of elderly particularly women in India. Thereafter, we need to explain the reason why their status is so. Discuss the steps taken for improving their status and the impact of such steps. We need to finally provide a way forward.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what is meant by nuclearization of families.
- Discuss the status of elderly in India particularly – elderly women – projected that the proportion of Indians aged 60 and older will rise from 7.5% in 2010 to 11.1% in 2025, much higher dependency ratio among females as opposed to males etc
- Discuss why elderly women face issues – lack of geriatric care infrastructure, changing family structure and its impact, lack of social support, social inequality, availability, adequate mess and affordability of health care etc
- Discuss what steps has the government taken to address this and what more can be done
Conclusion – Explain why is it necessary to focus on this section of the population and give suggestions for way forward.