Topic– India and its neighborhood- relations.
1) Domestic factors play a huge role in shaping India Pakistan bilateral ties. In this context, discuss the implications of political developments in Pakistan on the bilateral ties? (250 words)
Why this question
With the formation of a new government in Islamabad, focus is again on India Pakistan ties. The relationship has gone through tumultuous times off late and examining the impact of new government formation in Pakistan is important while preparing for the bilateral relationship between the two countries for IR portion of GS2
Key demand of the question
The first part of the question expects us to explain the impact of domestic politics on India Pakistan relationship. Your answer can be substantiated with illustrations. In the next part, the focus is on explaining how the dynamics of civil military relationship has changed in Pakistan with the formation of the new government and how will this impact bilateral relationship.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the changes taking place in internal politics of Pakistan, and mention that this is likely to have an impact on India Pakistan relationship.
- Mention that foreign policy is shaped by the internal needs of the country and projection of internal policies. Differences in states capabilities to act are constrained by the characteristics of states, or national attributes. The domestic constraints and challenges add much more complexity and unpredictability to the foreign policy process. Discuss in brief the impact of societal, cultural, economic, political factors on foreign policy with examples
- Examine how the government change in Pakistan will affect civil military relationship there and the impact it is likely to have on its relations with India. Discuss the statements and views proposed by leaders from both countries and whether it portends a calm future. In addition, also discuss the structural and security constraints that limit any hopes of a drastic progress in relationship.
Conclusion – Give your view on the progress of bilateral relations and way forward.