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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 AUGUST 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 AUGUST 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Provisions related to official language in the Constitution”

1) What do you understand by three language policy? Critically comment on the view that the language conundrum in India can be resolved only by making English the link language?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain what the three language policy means, what kind of language conundrum exists in India, and whether making English as the link language would be an exercise in practicality or futility.

Directive word

Critically comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Critically comment is also forming opinion on main points but in the end you have to provide a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that the three language policy was conceptualised as a solution for the problems coming in enacting a common language policy for the nation .It was recommended by Committee of parliament on official languages.

Body – Give details on three language policy, give arguments for and against the idea of making English as the link language. Discuss what the vision of the framers of our constitution was and whether making a departure from that view would be prudent. Go through the constitutional assembly debates on official language policy for greater insights.

Conclusion – Give your view on the solution to language conundrum in India.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic– Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

2) Discuss the duties of the newly constituted National Commission for Backward Classes. Also discuss the issues associated with the NCBC bill recently passed by the parliament. (250 words)

The hindu

Reference

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

NCBC bill was recently passed in the Parliament, which gives constitutional status to NCBC. The related act assigns several functions/ duties to the Parliament. But there are also several issues associated with the body, which need to be discussed upon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to describe in detail the duties assigned to the NCBC and also write the issues with the relevant bill i.e NCBC bill which has been recently passed by the Parliament.

Directive word

Discuss- This s an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Write a few lines about the earlier NCBC and the role of NCSC in relation to the affairs of the backward classes.

Body-

  • Discuss the duties of NCBC. E.g (i) investigating and monitoring how safeguards provided to the backward classes under the Constitution and other laws are being implemented, (ii) inquiring into specific complaints regarding violation of rights, and (iii) advising and making recommendations on socio-economic development of such classes etc.
  • Discuss the issues associated with the bill. E.g reduced role of the states in determining the backward classes; reliance on caste as a determinant of backwardness which in itself is fraught with several problems; equates SCs/STs with backward classes etc.

ConclusionBased on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


 

Topic– Role of civil services in a democracy.

3) Evaluate the claim that amended PoCA is excessively favourable to public servants? (250 words)

Indian express

Economictimes

Why this question

The amendments to PoCA have been long debated. Vociferous voices can be heard on both sides of the debate – those in favour of freeing the bureaucracy from the stranglehold of prosecution even for honest mistakes vs those who feel that amendments represent a dilution of PoCA. This debate becomes important for mains in light of the amendments under discussion.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to examine the amendments to PoCA and discuss whether they are in sync with the needs of a bureaucracy which has to be dynamic and responsive to ever changing needs , or whether they amount to dilution of PoCA.

Directive word

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the context of the entire debate surrounding PoCA

Body – explain the relevant amendments under question. Discuss whether they are meant to protect bureaucrats from frivolous complaints and investigation, whether they accord greater freedom to the bureaucrats to take decisions without fear, whether it would prevent policy paralysis , or , whether they dilute the anti corruption architecture in place for civil servants.

Conclusion – Give your view on the debate and discuss ways to ensure effective checks in the present system .


General Studies – 3


Topic-  Indian economy : issues

4) Discuss the impact that the draft e commerce policy is likely to have on online as well as brick and mortar retail?(250 words)

Livemint

Financial express

Why this question

The draft e commerce policy proposes several steps relating to discounts, data security etc which will have a big impact on the e-commerce space. Understanding those impacts is critical for e-commerce sector in which space policy regulations are still in their trial and error phase. These articles discuss the steps suggested in the draft policy as well as critical analysis of the same. Hence this question.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the changes that have been suggested by the draft policy, its overall comments on the ecommerce sector. Next , we need to bring out the overall impact of these steps on online retail and brick and mortar retail. We also need to discuss the indirect impacts on jobs etc. Thereafter, we have to give some suggestions or way forward.

Directive word

Introduction – Mention about the growth in e-commerce sector along with potential (substantiate with data).

Body

  • Discuss the needs of a growing e-commerce sector and the policy steps suggested in draft policy such as ending discounts after 2 years, 49% FDI in inventory model etc
  • Examine the needs of ecommerce sector and whether a policy micromanaging their pricing etc would impact them. Examine the suggestions like cap on discounts, and how it would impact the bottom-line of online retailers whose USP is selling at lower prices. Discuss the impact of allowing 49% FDI in inventory model but control to remain with Indian etc
  • Examine whether the focus of the policy is more on protecting brick and mortar retailers whose businesses are being impacted by growth of ecommerce players
  • Examine the real challenges faced by e-commerce players like capital availability, infrastructure for logistics services, EoDB which needs to be addressed

Conclusion – Give your view on the policy and discuss way forward.

 


Topic- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5) There is a need to develop and harness non-invasive, local, large-scale ‘conserve and use’ projects in order to address the looming water crisis in India. Comment with examples.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Water scarcity is a looming crisis in most of the Indian cities as well as many of its villages. It is essential to discuss all the plausible solutions that could be used to overcome the problem as well as meet the growing per capita demands of the population.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and express our opinion on how non-invasive, large scale projects can address the looming water crisis in the country. We have to give suitable examples in order to illustrate our point.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Write a  few lines depicting India’s water crisis and give examples of Shimla and Bangalore which depict the state of water crisis in India.

Body-

  • Mention that over the years, several bottom-up schemes to revive and rejuvenate lakes, wetlands, streams and other small water bodies have been deployed. While these movements have brought about a significant change at the local level, the scale of India’s water problems is much larger. Discuss why- growing population; growing consumption; growing pollution etc.
  • Discuss the role of large scale non-invasive schemes. E.g they can provide a perennial supply of water to large populations in cities and towns, engage the natural landscape, sustain ecological balance and have major economic and health benefits etc. give examples like the Himalayan floodplain-  If we conserve and use the floodplain, it can be a self-sustaining aquifer wherein every year, the river and floodplain are preserved in the same healthy condition as the year before- e.g The Delhi Palla floodplain project ; a forest (like Asola Bhatti in Delhi) can be sustained as a mineral water sanctuary etc.

Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 4


Topic–  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

6) The existence of ethics entirely depends on our ability to choose. Critically Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Free will is an integral component of the philosophy of ethics. It is therefore essential to examine and understand the association between the two.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding on the relationship between ethics and the free will. How is one important for the other.

Directive word

Critically Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon. Based on our discussion, we have to from a fair and a personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines defining ethics and free will.

Body

  • Discuss the relationship between free will and ethics in the sense that they are organically and intrinsically linked. E.g If some have the ability to choose but others do not, then ethics is applicable to the world, but perhaps not as we know it. If nobody has the ability to choose, then ethics is inapplicable to the world. If everyone has the ability to choose, then the actions they choose to do can be good, evil or neither; this being in virtue of their ability to choose etc.
  • Discuss how ethics can exist aloof from free will. E.g discuss the concept of utilitarianism.Take the help of the article attached to the question and other relevant material to frame your answer.

Conclusion Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – ethical concerns and dilemmas in government ; strengthening of ethical and moral
values in governance

7) How we deal with those excluded out of NRC will determine how humane our democracy actually is. Comment.(250 words)

Indian express

Indian express

The hindu

Why this question

Updation of NRC and the consequent fate of those who do not find a mention in the hallowed list raises very important ethical questions and dilemmas for our democracy and government. These opinion all deal with the moral, practical and ethical challenges before us going forward and hence the issue needs to be prepared from a GS4 perspective as well.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain what ethical and moral questions are raised by the entire debate, the security and historical concerns that the government has to be sensitive to, and how the current dilemma can be resolved.

Directive word

Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain about NRC, give its brief history and mention that the issue has to be handled sensitively by looking at the various sides of the coin.

Body – Elucidate the various aspect of this issue which makes it so difficult. Discuss the vexed “foreigner question” that has been a matter of great contention in Assam. Discuss the historical demand for such a register and the government’s commitment while signing the Assam Accord.

Discuss the inevitability of immigration as long as the world remains a global village. Highlight the ethical aspects in this situation where the fate of so many families and persons are linked to finding their name in a list which has scope for administrative errors. Discuss how has the SC and MHA given assurance and what needs to be done going forward.

Conclusion – give your view on how should the government resolve this ethical dilemma.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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