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2) Critically analyze the significance of the Vienna Congress in changing the course of the European history.(250 words)

Topic– Events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

2) Critically analyze the significance of the Vienna Congress in changing the course of the European history.(250 words)


Why this question

Vienna Congress has been seen as a reactionary movement for the benefit of traditional monarchs. However, others praise it for having created relatively long-term stability and peaceful conditions in most of the Europe. It is therefore vital to delve into the issue and have a discussion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and bring out the positive as well as the negative aspects of the Vienna Congress and based on our discussion, form an opinion on the issue.

Directive word

Critically Analyze- Here we have to dig deep into the issue and identify and discuss about all the related and important aspects and correlate them to satisfy the key demand of the question. We have then to form an opinion on the given issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Write a few lines about the background of the Vienna Congress, who were the participants, for how long was the congress held.


  • Briefly discuss the aims of the congress. E.g to provide a long-term peace plan for Europe by settling critical issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. The goal was not simply to restore old boundaries but to resize the main powers so they could balance each other and remain at peace etc.
  • Discuss the limitations/ negative aspects of the congress. E.g The leaders were conservatives with little use for republicanism or revolution; the “four” still intended to reserve the real decision making for themselves; no proper procedure followed etc.
  • Discuss the positive impact it had on European history. E.g prevented another widespread European war for nearly 100 years (1815–1914); deliberate conflict management, and was the first genuine attempt to create an international order based upon consensus rather than conflict;  an unprecedented degree of international cooperation; etc.

Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.