Topic – India and its neighborhood- relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
4) In the past few years, a combination of factors has led to an infusion of energy in the otherwise jaded relationship between India and African countries. Critically analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
Africa houses six of the world’s fastest growing economies and is increasingly becoming an important global player. India has historic economic, political and cultural linkages with Africa but the continent remained largely ignored for a long time. There has however been a much required shift in India’s policy towards Africa, as witnessed in recent years. Recently India signed several agreements with Rwanda and PM Modi became the first PM to visit the country.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the issue discuss why Africa is important for India. We have to bring out the factors behind the infusion of energy in India-Africa relationship. Then we have to form a personal opinion on the issue.
Critically analyze- Here we have to dig deep into the issue, identify and discuss upon all the relevant aspects and form a personal opinion on the issue, based on our discussion.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – write a few lines about the historic political, economic and cultural linkage between India and Africa. E.g trade relations between the Kingdom of Aksum and Ancient India around the first millennium; non-aligned movement; India-Africa Forum Summit etc.
- Discuss the nature of relationship between India and Africa until recently- e.g passive and a reactive attitude on part of India; no summits; lack of attention and visits to African countries; investments made by private sector etc.
- Discuss how the nature of relationship has changed. E.g mention the recent visits of PM and President to several African countries; plan to construct convention centers across 21 African countries; constructing the Parliament building in Swaziland; Sub-Saharan African countries have also reached out to India to undertake rural electrification – from financing and technology transfer, to detailed project reports and execution; India-Rwanda agreements, India-Seychelles cooperation etc.
- Discuss why the nature of relationship has changed and the importance of cooperation with Africa. E.g Africa houses six of the world’s fastest growing economies; several African countries have been providing incentives to attract foreign investors and partners in growth while the government in New Delhi has been actively lobbying for support for its bid for a seat at the UNSC; China’s hyperactive engagement with Africa; prospects of an African trade agreement etc.
Conclusion- Based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue and suggest a way-forward.