Topic – Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
5) Africa is at a critical juncture and India could play many roles in its growth story. Examine the above statement and discuss the challenges for India vis a vis China?(250 words)
Why this question
With PM Modi’s 3 nation Africa tour on the anvil, India Africa relations is going to dominate news . this makes it important for us to delve deeper into the relationship, understand challenges and discuss way forward.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to mention what is it about Africa that is attracting several countries who are competing for enhancing their presence in Africa. Thereafter analyze India’s economic, cultural etc relations with Africa and analyze why China among other countries is a major competitor for India in deepening ties with Africa.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Mention about a brief history of the upswing in relations between India and Africa with growth of India Africa Forum Summit etc.
- Discuss why Africa is at a critical juncture – economic growth, resources, several African countries have been providing incentives to attract foreign investors and partners in growth etc
- Discuss how India’s relations with Africa are – the nature and extent of partnerships along with areas where India can leverage it’s commonalities to create a symbiotic relationship.
- Examine the reasons why China is posing a challenge to India and how could India counter this challenge
Conclusion – emphasize on the importance of this partnership and the way forward for India.