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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 JULY 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 JULY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic– Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1) Colonial exploitation and domination scarred Indian society in many ways. But paradoxically, colonialism also gave birth to its own enemy – nationalism. Comment.(250 words)

NCERT

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to discuss how colonialism divided Indian society and also how it also gave birth to nationalism. As the answer is quite simple here, it is important to be specific and concise.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Write a few lines about the nature of Indian society before colonialism especially the caste distinctions, religious distinctions, other important socio-economic distinctions.

Body

  • Discuss the inequalities created or widened by colonialism- e.g The urban middle classes; widening of religious distinctions in the form of birth of various communal organizations like a,b,c; effect on caste distinctions.
  • Discuss how each of them affected Indian nationalism. E.g urban middle class came to know about western ideas etc., felt confident about their past and ability to govern themselves; strategically used press, assembly to portray Indian cause etc. discuss the role of communal organizations and similarly caste organizations in India’s freedom struggle.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 2


Topic– mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2) Discuss the provisions of Trafficking of persons Bill 2018. Critically Examine whether it would help in solving the problems faced by those being trafficked?(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Reference

Why this question

The article is quite useful in preparing critical analysis of trafficking of persons Bill which has been introduced in the ongoing session of Parliament. The problem is often in news and poses a significant challenge for government around the world. Hence this question is important.

Key demand of the question

The first part of the question is straightforward in its demand. In the second part, we have to mention the pros and cons of the along with our view from the point of view of those being trafficked.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – discuss data related to trafficking to emphasize the magnitude and the impact of the problem.

Body – Discuss the provisions of the Bill. Examine the provisions of the bill that seeks to improve the condition of the victim such as keeping identity anonymous, rehabilitation etc. Emphasize on the merit of these provisions. Thereafter, discuss the problems with focus on prosecution driven, raid rescue rehabilitation model.

Conclusion – give a fair and balanced view and changes required to enhance effectiveness.


Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Centre State Legislative Relations”

3) Examine whether Article 246 is the cornerstone of centre state legislative relations? Discuss whether Concurrent list created confusion with respect to extent of legislative power of centre and states?(250 words) 

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain what Article 246 of Constitution entails, examine whether it is the defining feature of the legislative relations between centre and state. In the next part, we need to analyze whether the provision of CL creates ease of legislation or leaves room for confusion.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Discuss – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain Article 246 of Indian constitution.

Body

  • Examine how the division of subjects into Union List, state list and concurrent list helped immensely in ironing our potential disputes in centre state legislative relations
  • Examine whether creation of concurrent list creates confusion or it helps in knowing what subjects to legislate on. Discuss the suggestion given by various committees on centre state relations like Punchhi, 2nd ARC etc

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view and discuss way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic –   Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) Both investment and its productivity should pick up, in order to boost India’s economic growth. Critically analyze. (250 words) 

Livemint

Why this question

Economic growth is one of the most essential determinants of socio-economic development. It is important to know how to boost it and discuss it in the context of present situation. Here you can show your economic SKILLS to get extra marks.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to discuss why investments and their productivity should increase in order to boost India’s economic growth. We have to examine why one or both of them has decreased and also express our opinion on how should we proceed further.

Directive word

Critically analyze- Here we have to dig deep into the issue and identify and discuss about all the related and important aspects and correlate them to satisfy the key demand of the question. We have to form an opinion based on our analysis and discussion.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few lines about India’s present investment scenario- e.g India’s gross domestic product (GDP), which is also called the investment rate, averaged 31% in fiscals 2015-2018, compared with 33.6% in fiscals 2010-2014.

Body

  • Discuss why the investments have been low- e.g decreased capacity utilization; Focus on capital restructuring by private entities; GST implementation; demonetization shock; Upcoming elections etc.
  • Discuss ICOR and then how investments and their productivity can be increased. E.g bring out the importance of public investment here.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the issue.

 


Topic-  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5) Water crisis is an impending catastrophe, likely to hit India. Critically analyze,in the context of India’s present  water crisis. (250 words)

Economic times

Economic times

Why this question

As the question itself says, India is under a threat of an impending water crisis across the country. There are certain main factors behind the present situation and only a few possible solutions available presently.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into India’s present water crisis, identify and discuss the factors behind. It also wants us to express our opinion on the issue in the form of what should be done in this regard.

Directive word

Critically analyze- Here we have to dig deep into the issue and identify and discuss about all the related and important aspects and correlate them to satisfy the key demand of the question. We have to form an opinion based on our analysis and discussion.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Write a few lines about the state of india’s present water crisis- per capita availability trends, likely demand in future, etc.

Body-

  • Discuss the factors behind the present situation- climate change, pollution and poor farming practices. Bring out the role of each factor.
  • Discuss what should be done in this regard- e.g better water-management practices, technologies like precise irrigation; wastewater treatment; sustainable agriculture; redirecting subsidies; watershed management; use of technology and best practices across the world.

Conclusion– Mention India’s recent efforts in this direction like CWM-Index; stress upon the imperative to employ more resources, gather more public support; ground level monitoring etc.


Topic– Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices

6) India needs to recognise that addressing farmers’ woes by raising procurement prices is going to have limited effectiveness. Critically analyze.(250 words) 

indian express

Economic times

Why this question

One of the key steps taken by the current government to improve the status of farmers is to increase procurement price. A recent OECD ICRIER report “Agricultural Policies in India” suggests a different way forward. Discussing the merits of the step taken by the government will help us in analyzing how the health of farm sector can be improved.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the merits of increasing the procurement price from a short term and a long term perspective. It expects us to analyze whether this is the most optimum utilisation of resources to improve the already stressed agricultural sector. Alternatives should be suggested along with reasons why they are better.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the recent step taken by the government and how it has been a long standing suggestion starting from Swaminathan Committee recommendation.

Body

  • Discuss the merits of enhancing procurement price from a short and long term perspective. Good in the short term, but underline the challenges even in the short term (mostly the same as challenges with MSP, highlighted by Shanta Kumar Committee)
  • Discuss how the optimum step would be to focus on improving backward and forward linkages along with other suggestions as made in the ICRIER study.
  • Discuss why this would would make more sense (can also disagree and give reasons accordingly)

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view along with way forward.


General Studies – 4


TopicPart of the ethics case studies.

7) Mahesh, a pre-med. student, works two part-time jobs while attending Prestigious University. Mahesh finds his course load for the spring semester very challenging and he struggles to keep up with the assignments in his anthropology course. Mahesh knows anthropology instructor, Dr. B., thinks highly of him and that Dr. B has a reputation of being somewhat of a softy when it comes to “good” students. So, having missed the deadline for submission of an important paper, Mahesh goes to Dr. B with the story that he and his twin brother were in a serious car accident over the weekend. Mahesh explains that he didn’t hand in the assignment because he has been at the hospital sitting at his brother’s bedside in the intensive care unit where his brother is now on life support. Dr. B is of course very sympathetic and grants Mahesh an extension on the assignment. Later in the semester Mahesh once again finds himself behind the eight ball on an assignment…

 

Consider each of the following questions and evaluate the case study:

  1. What is the action or inaction that is the cause for concern?
  2. Who or what may be affected?
  3. How will they be affected? (i.e., what are the possible consequences?)(250 words)

 

Structure of the answer

Take the help of the description given to form your own opinion.

  1. What is the action or inaction that is the cause for concern?

Mahesh finds himself for the second time.

  1. Who or what may be affected?

Mahesh’s course grade, GPA, and taking a long term view likelihood of acceptance to medical school could potentially be affected.

  1. How will they be affected? (i.e., what are the possible consequences?)
  2. What actions might be taken and what would the consequences of these actions be?

If Mahesh speaks to Dr. B and asks for help, Mahesh could receive an extension which would give him time to turn in a good paper and earn a good grade. Dr. B. might also be able to help Mahesh figure out how to manage his time better so Mahesh will not fall behind in the future.

If he lies to Dr. B which is what he did the first time, he could get more sympathy and another bailout but he could also get caught. In this case, he could get in serious trouble, fail the course and perhaps even be thrown out of college. So, depending on what he does the consequences could be severe.

5.What actions might be taken and what would the consequences of these actions be?

Mahesh could tell Dr. B that he has fallen behind. If he does this Dr. B could either give him an extension, help Mahesh learn how to better manage his time, or he may not give Mahesh an extension.

 

 


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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