Topic– Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes
3) In light of the recent report of Standing Committee on Rural Development, critically analyze the performance of Swachh Bharat Mission?(250 words)
Why this question
The article highlights the findings of the report of Standing committee which discusses some key issues with SBM. This is in contrast to the picture painted by Economic Survey this year. The Report is important for updating your notes on SBM.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to discuss various aspects of SBM and highlight the pros and cons in terms of achievement. Our view on whether SBM has achieved its objectives needs to be provided at the end.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Mention details about SBM.
- Discuss the mission, vision and strategy to achieve vision of SBM
- Discuss how SBM has indeed managed to make a dent. Highlight the findings of the Economic Survey 2017-18 – Open Defecation In Rural Areas Down 45%, established link between sanitation and economic performance, 296 districts and 3,07,349 villages across India have been declared as Open Defecation Free etc
- Thereafter, discuss the findings of the Report. Analyse the issues related to investment in behavioural change, quality of new toilets constructed, availability of water etc
Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view on the status of achievement of SBM and discuss the way forward.