Topic– Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
2) “Swadeshi is that spirit in us which restricts us to the use and service of our immediate surroundings to the exclusion of the more remote.”Comment.(250 words)
Third class in Indian railways
By Mahatma Gandhi
Why this question
Swadeshi movement and thought forms an integral and a pivotal component of India’s struggle for independence against the British. The term swadeshi has two components- self discovery, self sufficiency and resistance to foreign domination. It is important to discuss both these aspects.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to bring out the meaning of the term swadeshi as understood and explained by Gandhi Ji. The question basically wants us to bring out the essence of swadeshi not only as a tool of non-cooperation but also as a tool to self discovery and development based on indigenous values.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon. We have to support our opinion with substantial, valid and proper arguments.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Write a few lines about the significance of swadeshi movement in India’s struggle for independence.
- Discuss the meaning of Swadeshi as understood and explained by Gandhi Ji. E.g for religion, in order to satisfy the requirements of the definition, one must restrict myself to his ancestral religion. That is the use of his immediate religious surrounding. If he finds it defective, he should serve it by purging it of its defects. In the domain of politics he should make use of the indigenous institutions and serve them by curing them of their proved defects. In that of economics he should use only things that are produced by his immediate neighbours and serve those industries by making them efficient and complete where they might be found wanting.
- DIscuss the other aspect of swadeshi movement as a tool to challenge British supremacy in India. Discuss about the salient aspects of swadeshi and boycott movement which testify the same. E.g picketing of shops; establishment of national institutions to counter British policies and designs etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.