Topic– Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
1)What do you understand by a vote of no confidence. Vote of no-confidence has largely been successful in ensuring the responsibility of the government to the house. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
Recently as no-confidence motion was invoked against the incumbent government. It is important to know its significance. It is also essential to know how far this tool has been successful in ensuring responsibility of the government.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to express our understanding of the no-confidence motion. It also wants us to express our opinion on whether Vote of no-confidence has largely been successful in ensuring the responsibility of the government to the house- yes/no. We have to defend our opinion with proper arguments/ examples/ facts.
Comment- Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon. Our opinion has to be backed by proper and valid arguments/ facts/ examples.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Write a few lines about the no-confidence motion. E.g it is not explicitly mentioned in the constitution; implicitly stated in Article 75 which spells out that “the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People etc.
- Discuss the purpose of a confidence/ non-confidence motion.
- Discuss the procedure and requirements for passing a non-confidence motion.
- Discuss the implications of a successful no-confidence motion.
- Discuss the history of no-confidence motion in India. E.g how many times it has been moved in total, how many times it has been successful; what has been the impact of the anti-defection law on the effectiveness of no-confidence motion.
Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.