Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 JULY 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 JULY 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)

 


General Studies – 1


Topic-   Part of static series under the heading – “Concept of PIL”

1) PILs are an effective way to seek justice for those who can not afford it. Discuss. Critically examine whether PILs need rethinking and restructuring?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain what PIL is and how does it secure justice for those who can not access it. Thereafter, it asks us to critically examine PILs and provide our opinion on requirement for its restructuring.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what PIL is and mention the role that Justice Bhagwati played in its evolution

Body

  • Discuss what PIL is, its linkage to article 32, how it helps in securing justice for the poor and nerdy
  • Examine the advantages it has had so far. Give illustration to prove your point.
  • Highlight the demerits – the problem caused by irresponsible activists, clogs the court, criticism of the judiciary for its propensity to indulge in judicial outreach at times etc
  • Examine whether structural changes are required – discuss options like limiting it to violation of FRs of the poor, active role played by judiciary in discouraging false PILs, caution required on the part of court etc

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced opinion on the relevance and efficacy of PIL and the need for changes to be brought in.


General Studies – 2


Topic–  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2)In a democracy, elections should not only be fair but should be seen to be fair. Comment, in the context of the decreasing confidence in the electoral process of India.(250 words) 

The hindu

Why this question

There have been various allegations involving the malfunctioning of EVMs. The issue was recently discussed in the parliament. It is important for India to improve the electoral process consistently, in order to pave way for a healthy democracy.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding on the need for a fair electoral process, and discuss why it is essential to have confidence in the electoral process in the country.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the recent incidents which depict a degradation of the electoral process in India. E.g EVM malfunctioning, use of money power etc.

Body-

  • Bring out the importance of a fair electoral process in a democracy( e.g true representation, rule of law, equal opportunities for political parties etc) and also discuss why it is important for electoral process to be seen as fair. E.g if elections and the electoral process are not seen to be fair then people’s confidence will decrease and their participation in the process will be affected etc.
  • Discuss how should we proceed further in this regard. E.g Discuss the role VVPAT can play in ensuring fair electoral process as well as ensure that electoral process is seen to be fair. Mention the seven second visibility of the paper trail for those who have cast their votes and form an opinion on whether this should be changed into the paper trail being handed over to the voter and what impact it will have.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


 

TopicStatutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3)Discuss the regulatory framework and challenges involved in enforcing food safety and standards in India.(250 words)

The hindu

Economictimes

Reference

Why this question

There have been consistent reports of food adulteration, in one or the other form, all across India. Food safety is a critical issue affecting health as well as development of any country.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the regulations governing food safety and standards in India. It also wants us to write in detail about the challenges involved in enforcing food safety and standards in India.

Directive word

Discuss- This s an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Structure of the answer

Introduction

Write a few lines about the importance of food safety for a society, its health, economy and development.

Body

  • DIscuss about FSSAI act and the role it plays in ensuring  food safety and standards in India. E.g ; It seeks to consolidate the laws relating to food and to establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India for laying down science based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import, to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption;  The Act gives statutory powers to the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
  • Discuss about the key functions of the FSSAI. E.g framing of regulations to lay down food safety standards;  laying down guidelines for accreditation of laboratories for food testing, providing scientific advice and technical support to the Central Government,  contributing to the development of international technical standards in food; collecting and collating data regarding food consumption, contamination, emerging risks etc  disseminating information and promoting awareness about food safety in India
  • Discuss the challenges involved. E.g shortage of laboratories, need to upgrade the infrastructure in most of the existing food testing laboratories; shortage of manpower; corruption at lower levels, unorganized  market etc.

Conclusion- discuss what should be done further in this regard.

 

 


Topic– Issues related to development of social sector services including education

4) No detention policy is the most important reason behind poor learning outcomes in school going children. Discuss.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

While there are several issues with RTE Act, the one factor blamed most prominently for poor learning outcomes is No detention policy, leading to the current decision of Lok Sabha. This brings the focus back on RTE Bill, and all that is hindering improvement in learning outcomes.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to examine whether No detention policy is the most important reason behind the findings of ASER reports which highlight the alarming levels of poor learning outcomes. It expects us to debate the issue and point out the other shortcomings with the Act which exacerbate the issue.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the amendment to RTE act and the fact that NDP is being panned by critics for quite some time now.

Body

  • Highlight what is the problem with NDP  that led to the current amendment
  • Examine the rationale why NDP was introduced, how it was linked to comprehensive and continuous evaluation, how it aimed to reduce focus on exams as a yardstick of measuring learning outcomes
  • Discuss the other issues with RTE that has led to the poor learning outcomes

Conclusion – give your view on how far eliminating NDP for classes V-VIII would resolve the problem of poor learning outcomes and what the way forward should be.


Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5) What are the key provisions of the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill 2018, and analyze the issues involved?(250 words) 

Livemint

Reference

Why this question

The Bill has been passed by Lok Sabha yesterday, has been under discussion for quite some time, and has great relevance due to several high profile cases in the recent past. Hence it becomes important to discuss the provisions of the bill, and analyze the issues involved.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the key provisions of the bill, highlight the pros and cons and how far the Bill would succeed in achieving its objectives.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight some of the key incidents in the recent past which underscores the need for such a Bill.

Body

  • Discuss the vision of the bill and the key provisions – applicable in cases where value exceeds 1000cr, gives power for confiscation of property irrespective of whether the proceeds are on account of crime or not, prohibits fugitives from pursuing civil cases in India etc
  • Analyze the issues involved – violation of art 21, 1000 cr limit etc
  • Discuss the pros of such a bill. Here mention the necessity of bringing such a bill into force, ensuring speed and finality in disposal of cases etc

Conclusion – Emphasize on the need for creating a deterrence and discuss the way forward.


Topicmechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

6) There is a need for amendment to Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act. How far do you agree with this view?(250 words)

hindustantimes

Why this question

MTP is a crucial piece of legislation that seeks to prevent female foeticide and protect women from the hazards of abortion, at the same time, raises questions over the reproductive rights of women. The issue is complex and needs to be addressed.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain what MTP Act is, discuss why it was brought in, the issues being faced on account of the Act and what amendments are necessary in the Act to iron out the glitches.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain MTP Act

Body

  • Discuss why MTP Act was brought into force
  • Based on your opinion, give arguments on why or why not the Act needs amendment
  • Talk about the reproductive rights of women, autonomy over their own body etc. In response to the threat of female foeticide , highlight the presence of PCPNDT Act which takes care of such issues. Give illustration of cases where MTP Act created issues even in genuine cases. Discuss the need for tackling deformities which are evident only much later on.
  • Discuss the court’s position on matters under this Act.

Conclusion – Give your view on whether or whether not the Act requires amendment, and if yes, the nature of amendments required.

 


General Studies – 4


TopicCase studies based on ethics.

7) Late in the afternoon, Lisa finally had a chance to Google for information on “problem-based learning” for her course assignment due the next morning. Though she was tired, she couldn’t help but wonder when she noticed the same article appearing on the first two websites was almost identical word-for-word. Both websites were for education courses being taught by two different faculty at two different academic institutions located in different states. Curious, she emailed the authors of both papers concerning her observation and printed out a copy of both pages to bring with her to class the next morning.

Consider each of the following questions and evaluate the case study:

  1. What is the action or inaction that is the cause for concern?
  2. Who or what may be affected?
  3. How will they be affected? (i.e., what are the possible consequences?)
  4. What actions might be taken and what would the consequences of these actions be?
  5. Can anything be done to prevent this from reoccurring or to minimize the severity of the consequences?(250 words)

 

Structure of the answer

Discuss each part of the question individually. E.g

  • What is the action or inaction that is the cause for concern?- The cause for concern is that Lisa believes she has discovered a case of plagiarism involving a webpage for a course.
  • Who or what may be affected?- The professor whose work has been plagiarized has been affected and of course, the alleged plagiarist. The college or university where the plagiarist is employed may also be affected by the alleged plagiarist’s actions.
  • How will they be affected? (i.e., what are the possible consequences?)-It is difficult to gauge the significance of the alleged plagiarism. Certainly, the alleged victim has not received credit for his/her work. The college or university where the alleged plagiarist is employed may receive negative press and their reputation may be negatively impacted as a result of the plagiarist’s actions.
  • What actions might be taken and what would the consequences of these actions be?- Certainly universities and colleges take plagiarism and other acts of professional misconduct by faculty very seriously. Depending on the rank and tenure-status of the alleged plagiarist, he/she might be censured or could even be fired if it indeed turns out that he/she plagiarized the webpage.
  • Can anything be done to prevent this from reoccurring or to minimize the severity of the consequences?-Aside from education, it appears that there is little that can be done to prevent plagiarism. Certainly by the time one becomes a degreed professional, you are expected to know what plagiarism is. It is for this reason that the consequences of plagiarism are so severe.

NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 [jetpack_subscription_form]