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2)In a democracy, elections should not only be fair but should be seen to be fair. Comment, in the context of the decreasing confidence in the electoral process of India.(250 words) 

Topic–  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2)In a democracy, elections should not only be fair but should be seen to be fair. Comment, in the context of the decreasing confidence in the electoral process of India.(250 words) 

The hindu

Why this question

There have been various allegations involving the malfunctioning of EVMs. The issue was recently discussed in the parliament. It is important for India to improve the electoral process consistently, in order to pave way for a healthy democracy.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding on the need for a fair electoral process, and discuss why it is essential to have confidence in the electoral process in the country.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the recent incidents which depict a degradation of the electoral process in India. E.g EVM malfunctioning, use of money power etc.

Body-

  • Bring out the importance of a fair electoral process in a democracy( e.g true representation, rule of law, equal opportunities for political parties etc) and also discuss why it is important for electoral process to be seen as fair. E.g if elections and the electoral process are not seen to be fair then people’s confidence will decrease and their participation in the process will be affected etc.
  • Discuss how should we proceed further in this regard. E.g Discuss the role VVPAT can play in ensuring fair electoral process as well as ensure that electoral process is seen to be fair. Mention the seven second visibility of the paper trail for those who have cast their votes and form an opinion on whether this should be changed into the paper trail being handed over to the voter and what impact it will have.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

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