Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
6)In its drive towards sustainability and energy security, India must ensure its sustained support for diverse cooking fuel choices. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
Energy use is a key indicator as well as a key tool for development. Energy use should not only be cost-effective but also environmentally sustainable. In this regard it is imperative for India to evaluate the current fuel choices and, seek to diversify its fuel choices, according to the need for and availability of fuels, in an area.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the need for India to explore diverse cooking fuel choices, in order to ensure energy security as well as sustainability.
Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which directs us to write in detail about the key demand of the question and all the necessary and relevant aspects of the question, so as to bring out a complete meaning/ picture of the issue in hand.
structure of the answer
Introduction – write a few lines about the present cooking choices available in India. What are the major energy sources used for cooking, in urban and rural India (PNG, LPG, Kerosene, Wood, Biogas etc.). Present a few statistics (to get more marks).
- Discuss why the present energy use vis a vis cooking is unsustainable and not good for energy security of the country. Bring out the desire to diversify the energy sources. E.g high foreign exchange spent on imports, not cost-effective in far-flung rural areas, high GHG emissions, indoor pollution etc.
- Discuss the potential and benefits of biogas as a cooking fuel. E.g huge amount of cattle dung and organic waste generated which can be used to produce biogas; cleaner fuel; low indoor pollution; cost-effective etc.
- Discuss the challenges faced in exploitation of biogas. Mention the National Project on Biogas Development and the reasons for its failure.
Conclusion- Based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion, summing up your whole discussion. Mention the newly launched Gobar-dhan scheme and its relevance for the question in hand.