Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
2)Discuss the provisions of the Dam Safety Bill 2018 and the role of National Dam Safety Authority. Critically examine how far the Bill goes in ensuring structural and operational safety of dams?(250 words)
Why this question
The article talks about the provisions of the Dam Safety Bill 2018, role of NDSA and critical analysis of the provisions of the bill, all of which is quite important from mains point of view.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to first detail out the provisions of the said bill, the role of NDSA. Thereafter, we need to highlight the pros and cons of the Act in ensuring operational and structural safety of dams, and provide our view on how far the Act would go in achieving the objectives of the Act.
Discuss – Here in your discussion the provisions of the bill and the role of NDSA is to be brought out.
Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When critically is suffixed, you have to highlight the pros and cons and give a balanced conclusion.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Discuss the necessity of such an act – frequent floods, the environmental impact of dams etc
- First explain the provisions of the bill – the various organizations and regulators created under the bill for purposes of mandatory surveillance, operations and maintenance of all specified dams to ensure safe functioning.
- Examine the role of NDSA as envisaged under the Act
- Examine the pros and cons of the act in improving the structural and operational safety. mention that the bill is much required because of the sheer number of dams, the safety concerns on account of them etc. Highlight how the Bill falls short of ensuring operational safety of the dams
Conclusion – Present a fair and balanced view on the efficacy of Dams Safety Bill and what the way forward should be.