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1) Examine how far Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 has succeeded in empowering women at workplaces?(250 words)

Topic – Social empowerment

1) Examine how far Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 has succeeded in empowering women at workplaces?(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

The article explores how successful Maternity Benefits Amendment Act has been in ensuring that women are not discriminated against at workplace. It touches upon various issues still impacting women from achieving true equality at workplaces. We need to examine the lacunae and explore how can we address it.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain the provisions of the Act in brief and the experience of implementation of the Act so far. The key focus here is on understanding why despite such progressive provisions in the legislation, the act falls short in ensuring equality of opportunity for the two genders.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Discuss the aims and objectives of Maternity Benefit Amendment Act.

Body

  • Discuss the safeguards provided to women through this Act – enhancing leave provisions, creche facility etc
  • Highlight the main issues in the Act that has created issues for women. Divide the answer into headings like cultural biases – burden of child care on women, issue aggravated by the provisions of the Act; provisions of the Act creating entry barriers for women etc
  • Discuss how these issues can be mitigated as discussed in the article

Conclusion – Highlight the economic benefits that will accrue through gender equality in LFPR and the role of this Act in achieving that objective.