Topic:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
1)Evaluate the role of UNHRC as the conscience keeper in matters relating to human rights. India has come under UNHRC’s scanner for alleged rights violations on a few occasions in the past. Discuss how should India handle such adverse reports? (250 words)
Why this question
Last year at UNHRC review India had to answer several tough questions relating to India’s performance in protecting human rights. Moreover, human rights is often criticized as a political tool in realpolitik. In this context, the decision of USA to quit UNHRC makes the body important from mains point of view. Understanding it’s role and the impact it has on India is the focus here.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to first explain the ways in which UNHRC goes about its task as the apex body that works towards ensuring that rights violation don’t take place. In the next part of your answer, the discussion should revolve around whether India should respond to UNHRC’s observation with a pinch of salt, or go the US way.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the role that UNHRC is expected to play and plays.
- Discuss the details of the ways in which UNHRC fulfills it’s mandate as discussed in the article.
- Highlight some of the adverse reports of UNHRC which singles out India for rights violation
- Examine what should be made of such reports. Whether the reports indicate problems with India’s record in protecting human rights, or reflect the lack of reforms in UNHRC.
- Discuss how India’s response to such reports should be.
Conclusion – Mention that as one of the largest democracies with constitutional protection rights granted to individual, India should be at the forefront of bringing in reforms in UNHRC