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6) Critically analyze the issue of mandatory fortification of Mid day Meal programme of India.(250 words)

Topic– Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6) Critically analyze the issue of mandatory fortification of Mid day Meal programme of India.(250 words)

Yojana Magazine, June 2018 issue

Why this question

MDM programme is one the most important programmes of India, directed towards reducing malnourishment among Indian children. The programme has received consideration and attention from the media as well as other stakeholders given its immense potential as well as the dire need to deliver.

Any initiative aimed at improving the effectiveness of the programme needs to be deliberated upon and hence is important for mains examination.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue of mandatory fortification of MDM programme and why there is such a need and implications of such an act.

Directive word

Critically analyze- here we have to identify all the important aspects of the question and bring out a detailed discussion on these key aspects and at the end we have to relate these aspects and present a personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention the meaning of the term fortification and discuss the recently mooted decision of mandatory fortification of MDM.


  • Discuss why there is such a need at the first place. E.g discuss the status of malnourishment in India and present some relevant facts; discuss the low nutritive value of normal ration of a poor family as well as the MDM; low vegetables and fruits in the MDM- children don’t get holistic food; easy to fortify the MDM and negligible logistical constraints in the same etc.
  • Discuss the benefits as well as the negative implications of the move. E.g Benefits- holistic growth and proper development of the child etc. Negative implications- no regard to food diversity; shortcut solution lacking natural components of food; issue of centralization of the process, entry of profit driven private sector; loss of local control and lack of local participation etc.

Conclusion– form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue and read the article carefully in order to bring out a way forward.