ETHICS – Insights 70 Days Plan
Day – 12
1. One of your friends who is working for an MNC in Singapore has returned to India. He keeps comparing people’s attitude in Singapore with that of Indians. Following are some of his views:
a) Indian society has failed to inculcate universal values of honesty, truth and integrity among its children owing to factors such as poverty and social welfare measures of government
b) Children in schools are taught to discriminate by the education system itself
c) Children are not taught virtues such as hard work and discipline both in schools and households
d) Many Indians are lazy and corrupt thanks to government which itself is lazy and corrupt
What is your opinion on your friend’s above views? Discuss their merits and demerits.
You are recently posted as district development officer of a district. Shortly thereafter you found that there is considerable tension in the rural areas of your district on the issue of sending girls to schools.
The elders of the village feel that many problems have come up because girls are being educated and they are stepping out of the safe environment of the household. They are of the view that the girls should be quickly married off with minimum education. The girls are also competing for jobs after education, which have traditionally remained in boys’ exclusive domain, adding to unemployment amongst male population.
The younger generation feels that in the present era, girls should have equal opportunities for education and employment, and other means of livelihood. The entire locality is divided between the elders and the younger lot and further sub-divided between sexes in both generations. You come to know that in Panchayat or in other local bodies or even in busy crossroads, the issue is being acrimoniously debated.
One day you are informed that an unpleasant incident has taken place. Some girls were molested, when they were en route to schools. The incident led to clashes between several groups and a law and order problem has arisen. The elders after heated discussion have taken a joint decision not to allow girls to go to school and to socially boycott all such families, which do not follow their dictate.
a) What steps would you take to ensure girls’ safety without disrupting their education?
b) How would you manage and mould matriarchic attitude of the village elders to ensure harmony in the inter-generational relations? (UPSC, 2015)