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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 JULY 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 JULY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


Topic – Indian Art and culture

1)Sant Kabir’s teachings are inspired by several religion reflecting the overall philosophy of Bhakti Movement. Examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The article rues the lack of commemoration of 500th death anniversary of Sant Kabir and examines the impact he has had on Indian society through Bhakti movement. Hence it is important for mains.

Key demand of the question

The question asks us to discuss the influences on Sant Kabir, how it reflected in his teachings. We also need to explain how Kabir’s teachings and the influences on him is in sync with the overall philosophy of Bhakti Movement.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief biography of Sant Kabir that Kabir was the most celebrated of Ramananda’s disciples and the most liberal among medieval Indian reformers.

Body – Discuss the influences on his teachings as discussed in the article. Discuss how these influences reflected in his teachings such as the fact that he considered all religions as one and same and aimed at bringing about harmony among all communities etc. Discuss how it was in sync with the philosophy of Bhakti movement as Bhakti followers did not owe allegiance to any specific religion, did not adhere to rituals, customs, Sastric dictates and strongly opposed caste division and idol worship.

Conclusion – Mention that Kabir influenced indian society back then and his teachings are mug required in the current climate.


 

Topic – Part of static series under the heading “Ordinance making power”

2) Ordinance making power is to be used as a last resort, however in reality it is not so. Discuss the safeguards that are designed to prevent misuse of ordinance making power?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the reason why our constitution makers granted ordinance making power and how are they being misused. Thereafter, we need to discuss the constitutional and judicial safeguards related to exercise of ordinance making power.

Directive word

Discuss – Here the discussion relating to safeguards also need to mention how effective they have been.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain ordinance making power and highlight some recent ordinances issued which caused controversy – Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill etc.

Body – Discuss the reason why constitution makers granted this power, and how it has been misused. Discuss the constitutional safeguards like – ordinance to be tabled before parliament etc. Discuss the legal safeguards as given in DC Wadhwa case etc. Examine how successful these safeguards have been.

Conclusion – Mention the need for careful utilisation of ordinance making power.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3) Discuss the impact of the recent SC ruling, on the Delhi-Centre relationship. (250 words)

Timesofindia

 

Why this question

After a protracted and ugly tussle between the centre and the NCT of India, the SC has finally given its decision regarding the distribution of powers between the centre and Delhi.

The issue is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the legal provisions governing the Delhi-Centre relationship, how they have been interpreted by the SC in its recent judgement and its effect on the hitherto relation between the two.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which directs us to write in detail about the key demand of the question- how the SC judgement affects the Delhi-Centre relationship.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Write in 2-3 lines about the legal and constitutional provisions governing the Delhi-centre relationship- article 239 ,239AA; 69th amendment etc.

Body-

  • Discuss the SC judgement in detail. E.g LG has no independent decision-making power, LG and the CM are constitutional functionaries and must work harmoniously; law and order, land and not under the domain of NCT; LG must be informed but cannot stall all the decisions of council of ministers etc.
  • Discuss the implications of the decision on the relationship. E.g no more conflict; clear demarcation of powers of the LG etc.

Conclusion- Form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue based on your discussion.


General Studies – 3


Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Government Budgeting

4) Discuss how MEIS aims to incentivize exports from India, and increase the employment opportunities.(250 words)

Reference

pib

The hindu

Why this question

MEIS and SEIS are one of the key schemes under Foreign Trade Policy (2015-20) of India. Under MEIS various benefits are provided to merchandise exports from India. The issue is related to GS-3  syllabus under the following heading-

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Government Budgeting.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the MEIS, its salient features and how it will help in creating employment opportunities in India.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which directs us to write in detail about the key demand of the question.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about the FTP of India and mention MEIS along with SEIS and other export promotion schemes.

Body

  • Discuss the salient features/provisions of MEIS. e.g notified products to notified countries; brand specific rate vs industry based rate; 2-5 % of value of exports; freely transferable duty free scrips etc.
  • Discuss how it will help in generating employment. E.g special provision for sending items less than 25000 Rs value through courier, which will  help small businesses, role of e-commerce in the MEIS, more foreign exchange, benefit to manpower intensive industries etc.

Conclusion– Form   a fair and a balanced conclusion on the overall issue.

 


Topic – Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

5)Examine the relevance  of Suchitwa Sagaram, or ‘Clean Sea’ Campaign in tackling plastic wastes in India?(250 words)

Financial express

 

Why this question

The article talks about a novel approach to tackling plastic waste which will serve as a lucrative (from marks perspective) filler for questions related to plastic waste. Also the application discussed above can be implemented across India.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to describe what the mentioned campaign is about and how the usage of plastic waste as road construction material has several advantages.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the dream of making India plastic free by 2022.

Body – Give details of the campaign as mentioned in the article. Discuss the advantages of using plastic waste as a construction material. Bring out the impact which implementation of such a measure will have on tackling the problem of plastic waste in the country. here you can give figures on the quantity of waste generated and the absolutely lackadaisical approach towards waste management.

Conclusion – Mention how the implementation of this step will help deal with this issue in India.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics;

6) The concept of ecological consciousness is a market departure from the approach adopted by environmental ethics. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

The issue is related to GS-4 syllabus under the following heading –

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics;

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to us to bring out the difference between the two concepts- environmental ethics as it is understood today and the concept of ecological consciousness.

Directive word

Comment- We have to express our knowledge and understanding of both the concepts and bring out the difference between the two. Based on our discussion we have to form an opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Define environmental ethics.

Body-

  • Discuss the environmental ethics in detail- its approaches and limitations.
  • Discuss the concept of ecological consciousness and how it is different from environmental ethics. E.g departure from the anthropocentric approach, associating man with nature rather than detaching him from it etc.

Read the reference article given with the question properly to form your opinion on the issue and also to frame your answer.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced opinion on the desirability of the two approaches.

 


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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